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托福阅读 | 从7到30分,满分学霸不会告诉你的10件事(四)

来源:原创作品 | 2020-03-08103

又和大家见面了,这次我们继续上次的话题继续给大家分享关于托福阅读常考规律,为大家在阅读理解上铺平道路:前二十条规律查看请点击:托福阅读|从7到30分,满分学霸不会告诉你的10件事(一)托...

又和大家见面了,这次我们继续上次的话题继续给大家分享关于托福阅读常考规律,为大家在阅读理解上铺平道路:

前二十条规律查看请点击:

托福阅读 | 从7到30分,满分学霸不会告诉你的10件事(一)

托福阅读 | 从7到30分,满分学霸不会告诉你的10件事(二)

托福阅读 | 从7到30分,满分学霸不会告诉你的10件事(三)

Perhaps their rush to adulthood is driven by a simple need to keep warm.

规律40:perhaps这种词不能算是重点的态度词。

 

Located in tropical areas at low altitudes, savannas are stable ecosystems, some wet and some dry consisting of vast grasslands with scattered trees or shrubs.

规律41:挑选关键词的一个原则:具体,直接,生疏。比如上句中,不考虑状语修饰的问题,关键词为tropical, low altitude, savanna, wet, dry, grassland, scattered, shrubs。

 

They occur on a wide range of soil types and in extremes of climate.

规律42:表示“发生”类的词往往是比较虚的词,不需要特别记忆。如occur,happen, take place等。

 

Savannas typically experience a rather prolonged dry season.

规律43:有的时候,要学会分辨“无用”的概念。比如experience a xx season其实属于虽然具体,但无用的概念。我们可以直接把这句话理解为Savanna could be dry for a long period.

 

For example, savanna soils, like many rain forest soils, are typically oxisols (dominated by certain oxide minerals) and ultisols (soils containing no calcium carbonate), with a high acidity and notably low concentrations of such minerals as phosphorus, calcium, magnesium, and potassium, while aluminum levels are high.

规律44:while本意为并列发生,但会隐含轻微的转折意。

 

These soils usually contain large amounts of clay and easily become water-saturated.

规律45:逻辑替换,本处and看起来是并列,实际上有轻微的因果意。

 

Sandy soils are prone to the leaching of nutrients and minerals and so tend to be nutritionally poor.

规律46:prone to do这类词可以和fail to do这类词做等同,都可以当做表示某种倾向的“情态动词”。

 

Evidence from other studies suggests that exclusion of fire results in markedly decreased plant-species richness, often with an increase in tree density.

规律47:要注意exclude,exclusion这样隐含的否定词。

 

On certain sites, particularly in South America, savanna formation seems related to frequent cutting and burning of moist forests for pastureland.

规律48:be related to 和be associated with 很多地方很相似,都可以表示多重逻辑。比如这里,related to偏向于因果。


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