2019年1月5日托福独立写作范文：Do you agree or disagree with following statement?All scientific discoveries should be shared by the whole world: government and businesses should not keep the scientific discoveries secret.
b.能一起解决能源问题 能够一起研究新能源问题，如一起寻找新的可替代能源，会节约很多时间。而如果keep secret 很多科学家需要花更多的时间去寻找新能源。
Nowadays numerous scientists in a country or in a large firm are continuously engaged in different researches. Under such circumstance, many new discoveries would be unveiled every day. As for these scientific treasures, there is a claim arises. Some people argue that the government or the corporation should share all its scientific discoveries with the world. From my point of view, however, I can hardly stand in line with the claim. I'll support my standpoint with following aspects.
Firstly, some scientific breakthroughs which can lead to tremendous technological progress should not be shared. It is known to all that some scientific discoveries have greatly changed our way of life. These findings can promote a rapid development in different industrial fields of a country. However, the findings that can breed critical progress in the areas like military industry or aeronautic and astronautic industry should be held carefully by the government, because they may cause terrible or even devastating consequences to the country, For example, if American government had revealed the pivotal discovery in making nuclear bomb with other countries during the World War II, it rivals like Germany or Japan should have handled the key techniques. Then the evil would have created the bomb before Americans and thus launched a bomb raid on anywhere of the world. If so, the consequence of the WWII would have totally changed and anyone of us shouldn't have today's life. Therefore, the government of a country should understand that some discoveries in science and technology are actually improper to share with other countries.
Secondly, some other discoveries in science may cause a series of negative influence on the movement and the corporation if they notify what they discovered to others. Some scientists are undertaking dangerous work and their discoveries would include something that may threaten public's health and safety. If a research group of a biomedical corporation claimed to public that they had discovered a sort of lethal virus which couldn’t be killed by any medical methods in existence, it would incur the extremely panic in the public. People around the world would worry about that the virus could threaten their lives if it was used in evil ways. Then they would protest against the corporation, and their governments would also object to the government which the corporation belongs to. They would no longer buy any products of the firm. As a result, not only would the corporation suffer from huge economic losses, its reputation would be totally torn apart into pieces. Therefore, a corporation or a government needs to keep low profile when it dig out a toxic but useful thing.
Admittedly, the government or the corporation can share some discoveries with other countries which would not threaten themselves or cause public fears in the future even though others grasp the whole details. It sometimes can create a "win-win" consequence. For one thing, the government sharing these findings can help those undeveloped or developing countries to keep in progress, which in turn could raise the government's international fame. For another, these findings would not generate any threat to the government itself, for it would hold a further discovery.
According to the discussion mentioned above, a conclusion can now be reached that the government or a corporation should not share everything it uncovers in science with the world. Some peripheral or harmless discoveries could be announced to others, whereas the pivot which could raise groundbreaking progress or trigger unfavorable consequences should be totally shrouded.
It has been suggested that all scientific discoveries are supposed to be shared among all scientists across the world so that repetitive researches can be avoided and the whole scientific community can benefit from this. While sharing certain discoveries in science has benefits, I believe that most discoveries, especially those vital technologies, should be kept in secret for the following reasons.
To start with, for government, sharing some cutting-edge technology may pose catastrophic harm to a country’s security and world peace. If some key technologies, particularly some military and aerospace technologies, such as how to manufacture nuclear weapons, or how to create manned spaceships to land the Moon, or Mars, are easily obtained by competitive countries, a country will be at a disadvantageous station. This is because the space technology in this era plays a critical role in determining a country’s international status and force in the world; if the related discoveries were gotten by some evil governments, they might take advantage of them to strengthen their military power, which may risk of causing new Cold War in the world. Moreover, if shared discoveries were used by terrorists, more terror attacks would happen and the safety and security of a country and even the world peace will be gravely threatened.
In addition, for businesses, sharing discoveries is not conducive to their survival and thrive in this technologically competitive age. As we all know, in the twenty-first century, the competitions between companies are mainly in whether a country can master the state-of-the-art technologies. In other words, the reason why many world commercial giants, including Google, Apple, Facebook, Amazon, and so on, succeed is that they own some top scientific technological advantages, such as artificial intelligence technology. If a company shared its key technologies to its rivals, it would be surpassed and outcompeted by them and even go bankrupt. For example, if Apple Corporation shared its latest technologies in making smartphones, other competitors in the world, such as Samsung in Korea, or Huawei in China, could make full use of these technologies to beat it and transcend its predominant status in the market.
Moreover, for scientists, sharing crucial scientific data may thwart their innovative passion and incentive. If all scientific discoveries are going to be shared, and all scientists can easily get others’ achievements, dire consequences will occur. Considering humans’ selfish and self-interest nature, it is likely that those scientists who make great contributions in essential scientific breakthroughs naturally desire to gain material or financial returns for their dedicated and creative efforts. Once they know that their discoveries will be unconditionally shared, they may lose the incentive to get devoted to scientific researches. What is worse, influenced by this sharing trend, most scientists in the world may harbor the thought that they do not need to work hard to discover something, but just need to wait others’ sharing, which means that free ride phenomenon in scientific arena would be prevalent.
In the final analysis, I admit that the intentions of those who advocate the sharing of all scientific discoveries are good in that this can help all scientists accelerate the development of science and technology by sharing common accomplishments and avoiding unnecessary repetitive researches and waste in human resources, materials, and budgets. On the surface, this suggestion sounds a good idea. However, in reality, taking the aforementioned reasons into consideration, it may not fulfill their expectations and even could engender some undesirable consequences. Therefore, my view is that although sharing some basic discoveries is beneficial, the most vital ones should be kept in secret.