2018/10/14托福独立写作范文：Cautious and careful people are more successful than those who prefer to take risks.
Success, broadly defined, means to fulfill personal goals and aspirations that imbue us with a sense of accomplishment and self-worth. Achieving success often requires that we be readily open to new ideas and experiences, taking unforeseen risks and blazing our own self-determined paths. While, as with any risk, there is always something at stake, having the courage to step out of our comfort zones affords us the possibility of feeling truly empowered, both through overcoming obstacles and discovering new opportunities.
Taking risks can certainly be intimidating, as there are no guarantees of a positive outcome, but simply cowering away from potential challenges renders little progress. Venturing out into new, unpredictable territory stimulates us to think boldly and creatively, producing novel solutions to larger-scale problems. One prominent example of a fearless risk-taker is the lifelong civil rights activist, Yuri Kochiyama. A Japanese-American woman who experienced the horrors of internment camps and lived in impoverished housing projects in New York, Kochiyama was determined to make a difference. Though activists were often arrested, she participated in the African American civil rights movement and also pushed for the signing of the Civil Liberties Act. For her tireless dedication, she was nominated for a Nobel Peace Prize and inspired a generation of activists. For Kochiyama, success meant risking arrests, threats, and especially her public reputation. Had she been too cautious, she may not have made an impact, but through risk-taking and courage, she created the societal change she desired and improved countless lives.
Of course, not every success story has to be as grand and illustrious, not every risk as severe and life-threatening. Taking risks can also be beneficial in that it enables us have a clearer definition of what success means to us personally. The fact that we are taking a risk may motivate us to more actively pursue a goal, to ensure that the endeavor is worthy of the risk. Moreover, once we become accustomed to taking risks, we acquire a new skill set and an adaptive mindset. Our self-confidence is boosted, along with a sense of pride and accomplishment. For example, many girls are dissuaded from the sciences—a male-dominated discipline—for fear of feeling excluded or inferior. Yet when they take the leap and discover that they are both adept and passionate, they feel empowered, prepared to take on new challenges.
While some people are exceedingly cautious and choose to avoid risks, having the courage to take them is integral to achieving success. Success is not easily earned, and only by expanding our horizons through risk-taking can we feel like we have accomplished something truly noteworthy.