2017年1月14日托福独立写作真题：As a student of university that has a long break between university semesters, the university requires all students to do one of the following for one month during the break:1. Students must take a course on the subject that has no direct connection to their majors of study; 2. Students must volunteer to work in the university’s city or their hometowns to improve some aspects of life of the city or their own town. Which one do you think is more beneficial for students in their university? Why?
a.锻炼身体： 现在学生keep sedentary 在平时学习生活中，做志愿者可以锻炼身体。
b.忘记学习压力，精神好：可以distract themselves from study by doing volunteer jobs。而没有学生想在课外再上一个与专业不相关课程去增加压力。
In America, college students have a long summer vocation from May to September. Without pressure or plans, it is highly possible that students simply squander the time by hanging out with friends and playing computer games. To help students make good use of this precious time, colleges have two proposals: require students to take a course irrelevant to their major or do volunteer jobs to improve local community. In my mind, the latter is a better option.
Admittedly, it is beneficial for students to gain extra knowledge by attending classes. The irreversible trend of cross-discipline brings the significance of expanding one’s knowledge base. To help students survive and succeed in future job market, universities ought to equip them with broad ranges of knowledge, even apart from major courses. Take a student majoring in law as an instance. The knowledge of finance and economics acquired from courses during summer vocation enables him to have better performance in financial crime lawsuits.
However, an alternative for university to help students obtain more cross-discipline knowledge is to ask them to take selective courses while school is in session; as for summer vocation, it is the right time for universities to require students to do volunteer jobs which allow students to cultivate other necessary skills and capabilities for future life. To begin with, by asking students to help improve local community, universities can effectively help students develop social responsibility. Via participating volunteer jobs, youngsters lacking social experiences are able to find what people need and how to respond to it. The sense of achievement derived from helping others help people resume their duty. For example, working voluntarily in local clinics, medical students can convey health knowledge and help residents improve awareness on healthy lifestyle. The appreciation and approval from residents will encourage them to be a professional and responsible doctor in the future.
Secondly, another essential reason for universities to arrange volunteer activities is that well-organized volunteer jobs provide ideal opportunities for university students to learn how to work effectively in a group. Taking different roles and responsibility, youngsters will be aware of the importance of cooperation and team spirits. Even disputes in group can teach students a lesson that effective negotiations and appropriate compromise are solutions to disagreement. As modern society puts much emphasis on cooperation, universities are responsible for preparing young people with this valuable quality.
To sum up, universities can arrange courses in semester, while in summer vacation, a better option is to encourage students to do volunteer jobs which help them cultivate social responsibility and teamwork spirits.