2016年12月3日托福独立写作范文：Nowadays people are more willing to help the people they do not know (for example, giving clothing and food to the people who need them) than people were in the past. (16.12.03)
Social relationship is a perpetual topic in our times. One indisputable fact is that people are less and less concerned about others' business. When it comes to the issue whether it becomes less likely for youngsters today to help others than their counterparts in the past, people varying in personalities and ages view the same issue from different angles. As far as I am concerned, young people today are less likely to help others than the young were in the past, due to the limited spare time they possessed and the fierce competition they are involved in.
To begin with, there is no denying that the less free time owned by the young people will reduce the likelihood that they help others, which particularly applies to the students in school. As we know, the increasingly heavy study burden has dramatically decreased the leisure time of students. According to a survey conducted by Education Ministry of China, the time students spent on learning in 2014 was more than 8 hours per day, while this figure in 1994 was only 6 hours every day. The great difference in the two figures clearly demonstrate that student's study time has increased a lot, which in turn decreased their free time. And less free time means that students have less chances to provide help to others. However, in the past, students could make good use of their spare time to do some voluntary work such as participating in community activities. Therefore, the decrease in the free time of young people today has made it less possible to help others.
Furthermore, the more fierce competition nowadays is another factor which makes young people less likely to help others. One defining character of people is the degree to which they tend to care more about their own interests in a competition. Job hunting is a good case in point. Just imagine that there are 10 candidates competing for one position, which means that the winner has to outcompete the others. Obviously, each candidate would regard others as his enemies instead of friends, thus providing no help for the other one. However, in the past, the competition was not so fierce as it is today, so that the youngsters treated others more friendly in old days. Hence, the possibility that young people provide others with assistance is smaller, due to the more competitive environment.
Judging from what has been discussed above, we can draw the conclusion that young people today are less likely to assist others than they were in the past, on account of the limited leisure time they owned and the fierce competition they are involved.
Philanthropic and charitable activities of all forms are applauded and cherished by people. When it comes to the question of whether or not people are more willing to help others, there is not definitive to this question. I, personally, am very affirmative that people are generally more charitable than the past based on the following reasons.
First off, currently, not only do schools and universities encourage students to get involved in volunteer and charitable activities, but they tend to evaluate students’ engagement in these activities together with their academic performance. For instance, a high school in my neighborhood offer students various volunteer programs and students are very actively involved. To be more specific, students can help to collect food, manage the inventory and distribute food to those in need. They can also volunteer in homeless shelters to prepare food or even work behind the scene in the business office. There are other volunteering activities, like organizing community activities for senior centers, reshelving books in the city library, helping kids with dyslexia to read, so on and so forth. With these programs offered by the schools, students of all age groups are motivated to take the initiative and contribute their time and other resources to the community. Such a philanthropic atmosphere can be very contagious and people who hesitate in the first place tend to give it a second thought and get involved in these charitable activities.
Secondly, nowadays people are generally getting richer and wealthier in the past, and had they not owned a bigger house or a fancier sports car, they would not have been willing to reach out and donate their money to people in need and to those who are less fortunate and underprivileged. Furthermore, taxation law and other kinds of favorable financial policies tend to give incentive to rich people to donate their wealth to the poor and unlucky individuals. No wonder lots of charitable foundations like the Bill and Melanda Foundation play such a vital role to eliminate poverty and hunger.
In conclusion, with proper guidance from school and universities and the appearance of the enormous number of the rich, people are generally more willing to help others.