2016年11月19日托福独立写作范文： Imagine that a professor requires students to learn as much as possible about a subject in a short period of life. Is it better for the professor to require students to work together in a group or is it better to require students to work alone?
The constant demands for more knowledge and skills bring the significance of tertiary education. In universities, it is common wish of most renowned and responsible professors to help students to grasp as more knowledge as possible within limited time through various methods. In my opinion, group work is usually a more effective way to study a project in short time than individual work.
To begin with, making joint efforts on a project within short time in a study group, students always achieve more by splitting the tasks and sharing with each other their attainments. Usually, the first step of the group work is to brainstorm and then clearly assign tasks. Under peer pressure, members will be diligent and responsible for their part of work and seek for recognition from others. However, an individual student can hardly collect that much information on his own in short time, no matter how hard he works. Take history as an example. Our topic of presentation given by professor was Japanese history during WWII. With clear assignments, we three members in the team were in charge of collecting information from different aspects, including military and war, economy and culture, and then discussed how to present with a clear theme. It turned out to be more efficient than any of us working independently.
Secondly, well-organized group discussion helps students to exchange ideas, provoke thinking and correct mistakes. Sitting together and working on a project as a group, members are encouraged to contribute their ideas. When there is disagreement, members will try to figure out more convincing reasons to persuade each other. This is the ideal process for students to understand what is right and develop critical thinking. On the contrary, it is usually difficult for an individual to think from different perspectives and realize his errors without others reminder. Take my experience as an instance. While discussing solar energy in a team, a member pointed out that this so-called environment friendly energy in fact also contaminates environment, as the production of facilities requires heavy metals. Thanks to his information, we had better understanding of solar energy.
To sum up, within a short period of time, it is more efficient for professors to have students study in-group rather than study alone, as peers can not only help each other open mind and think in-depth, but also avoid and correct each other’s errors.
Educators and researchers have never stopped the examination of the importance and relevance of collaborative learning that are encouraged by middle schools. When compared with studying alone, I personally believe that it is far more beneficial to students when working in groups for the following reasons.
First off, working in a group finishing group projects can be very conducive for students since they can help students to study more effectively and get exposure in real-world issues. If teachers categorize students and organize them in small study groups, chances are that they would solve complex issues together, like research the history of the city, examine the water quality of the local town, so on and so forth. Students can develop critical thinking skills as well as learn to collect and analyze information from multiple sources. A recent study conducted by the University of Minnesota backed up the claim that study teams, collaborative learning and group projects are far more effective in helping students to develop useful skills than traditional teacher-led teaching approach. In fact, when learning in groups, students have to do some research about the topic they are expected to discuss beforehand, which helps them to clear up some misunderstandings and boast their enthusiasm of academic exploration.
Additionally, as the saying goes: "many hands make light work", actually it remains as relevant today as it did a century ago. Working in groups has much deeper implications beyond students' academic experience, to be more specific, it helps to develop skills like cooperation, organization and leadership. When learning in a group, every single student gets a chance to contribute their knowledge to the group, they can learn to appreciate the work of other simultaneously. What's more, they have to work closely with others for the same goal otherwise they might not be able to compete with other study groups. More importantly, students will get exposure to distinctive perspectives and at the same time learn how to accept different points of view and find common ground in this process. Such an educational experience will not only be helpful for their future study but also beneficial to them when they have to deal with coworkers, clients, and teammates in a professional setting in the future. Numerous studies have shown that students who have prior experience working with others enjoy a better chance to be successful in their future career.
In conclusion, working together in a group has far more meaningful implications than working alone since collaborative learning helps students to learn much more effectively and develop important skills that are vital for their future study and career.