2016年10月16日托福独立写作范文：Many schools require young children (aged 5-11) to work together in a small group instead of working alone to learn man activities.(16.10.16)
It is universally acknowledged that the development of education to a large extent defines the future of a country. Education experts and teachers try various approaches to guarantee and improve education quality. As modern society puts much emphasis on cooperation, many teachers regard group work as the most effective way of teaching for young children aging from 5 to 11. Actually, although to study in groups brings many benefits, teachers should not overlook its disadvantages and the advantages of individual work.
Admittedly, while studying in groups, young children learn to communicate and cooperate effectively through sharing thoughts. The process of brainstorms encourages all children to participate actively and contribute their ideas, which helps them to think from different perspectives and learn to listen. Facing various ideas presented by others, children will realize sometimes an effective teamwork needs members to accept others’opinions. For example, while designing the poster together, children holding different opinions of painting cute cartoon characters or beautiful scenery learn to compromise through discussion.
However, group work is not always the best choice. Children aging from 5 to 11 usually lack the ability of time management and self-control. As a result, they may be trapped into endless discussion or even argument, refusing to agree with each other. So, the prolonged group study may turn out to be a waste of time. Even worse, without teachers’ strict supervision or an effective leader’s control, it is highly possible that young children begin to chat and get out of the track after a short time discussion of the topic. When one boy starts the topic of cartoon movie he watched yesterday, the whole team may be soon distracted.
In addition, children also need to learn how to study on their own. Without any support from others, a child has to figure out the solution independently. In this way, he needs to rely on himself to draw up the plan, carry it on, check details, correct mistakes, etc. Individual work enables the child to develop sense of responsibility and confidence, which will have far reaching effect on his future study life. On the contrary, with a capable member in the team, other children may be deprived of the opportunity to think and act on his own. For example, my nephew once complained that the leader of his robot team leaves few tasks to them. Although the strong leader can help them win high score in competition, they are not passionate without much involvement in the process.
To sum up, group study is a good method for children to learn cooperation, but it is not always the best way of teaching. The ability to work alone is also indispensable in children’s growth.
Educators and researchers have never stopped the examination of the importance and relevance of collaborative learning that are encouraged by middle schools. When compared with studying alone, I, personally, believe that it is far more beneficial to students when working in groups for the following reasons.
First off, working in a group can be very conducive for students since they can help students to study more effectively and thus tackle real-world issues. A recent study conducted by University of Minnesota backed up the claim that study teams, collaborative learning and group projects are far more effective in helping students to develop useful skills than traditional teacher-led teaching approach. In fact, when learning in groups, students have to do some research about the topic they are expected to discuss beforehand, which helps them to clear up some misunderstandings and boast their enthusiasm in academic exploration. Clearly, working in a group can help students to retain information for a much longer time and have a much deeper understanding of some concepts and ideas. Consequently, if teachers categorize students and organize them in small study groups, chances are that they would solve complex issues together, like researching the history of the city, examining the water quality of the local town, so on and so forth. Students can develop critical thinking skills as well as learn to collect and analyze information from multiple sources.
Additionally, working in groups has much deeper implications beyond students’ academic experience. As the saying goes: “many hands make light work”. Actually it remains as relevant today as it did a century ago. To be more specific, working together helps to develop skills like cooperation, organization and leadership. When learning in a group, every single student gets a chance to contribute their knowledge to the group, and they can learn to appreciate the work of other students simultaneously as well. What’s more, they have to work closely with others for the same goal otherwise they might not be able to compete with other study groups. More importantly, students will get exposure to distinctive perspectives and at the same time learn how to accept different points of view and find common ground in this process. Such an educational experience will not only be helpful for their future study but also beneficial to them when they have to deal with coworkers, clients, and teammates in a professional setting in the future. Numerous studies have shown that students who have prior experience working with others enjoy a better chance to be successful in their future career.
In conclusion, working together in a group has far more meaningful implications than working alone since collaborative learning helps students to learn much more effectively and develop important skills that are vital for their future study and career. (431 words)