2015年12月19日托福独立写作范文：The best leader should spend more time listening to other people’s ideas than taking his/her own ideas. (15.12.19)
Key to success of a good leader is making decisions in timely fashion, probably with a mixed style of being quick in some cases and slow in other cases. Depending on a real situation, a decision can be made fast or not so fast in order to achieve the expected outcome. The best leader is supposed to know which of the two approaches is better, each having its advantages and disadvantages.
Many effective leaders are "decisive" and they choose to make decisions rapidly without spending too much time on asking ideas from other people. These leaders usually do not struggle with decision-making and do not lose time when opportunities arise. Rather, using their influence or positional power, they have the intuition to decide and the courage to act quickly, leaving room for a margin of error if necessary for correction. To them, making decisions slowly sounds counter-intuitive when the changing environment in which people are working is moving faster and faster. No wonder, they prefer making decisions faster, thinking that very fast and roughly right decision-making should replace long deliberations thaat seem precise and slow. Of course, the speed versus accuracy in decision-making is a matter of leadership style, but it is arguable whether or not weighing various options might start weighing a leader down because opportunities pass by, never to return.
That being said, effective leadership is about more than appearing "decisive" when decision-making is based on expert knowledge and valuable information obtained from other people. By adopting this "participative" approach, leaders seek to understand a situation before making judgments about it, obviously with the purpose of reducing the risk of failures. To know more about what is required to make a better decision, a leader may ask an additional question, consult one additional person, and consider one more potential impact. The effect of engaging others in the decision-making process is that, even when a leader is taking his/her own ideas, people seems to have been led to feel that they have been part of the decision-making process and give their support accordingly. In short, spending time to build other people's ideas into decision-making can make the process more efficient.
In analysis, when it comes to evaluating leadership, there are both benefits and drawbacks to making decisions quickly or slowly. While good decisions is critical for any good leader, it is important not to hold a leader back. At the same time, leaping into a decision too hastily should not be the solution, either.
History remembers great leaders-kings, presidents, CEOs, and the like- largely for the decision they make. However, what we often forget is that these decisions are rarely made alone-- leaders will often rely on the help pf others when weighing their options. While some leaders may prefer to male decisions alone, I think the most effective ones will involve others in the decision-making process.
Firstly, letting others participate in the process creates stronger bonds and more trust between the leader and the rest of the group. When others in the group are brought into the decision-making process, they will feel more essential to the group’s c=success. This will engender a stronger sense of camaraderie and belonging, and subsequently, will lead them to work harder to see their group succeed at their task. Also, they will gain some insight into how the leader makes his or her decisions. This will make the leaders decisions seem less mysterious or arbitrary. The group will come to trust the leader’s decisions more in the future--even when they are not part of the decision-making process.
Secondly, a leader must attend to many things that demand his or her attention, and making so many judgment calls without the aid of others can be extremely tiring. In fact, studies have shown that the act of decision-making actually fatigues the brain, and that the people can only make a limited number of decisions per day before mental performance stars to be made. This is why people often agree to add needless and expensive options to a new car purchase at the car leadership-- after hours of haggling with sly car salesman over the details of a purchase, they are sapped of all their decision-making sense, and suddenly adding an expensive package to your purchase might not seem like such a bad idea. For the same reason, leaders should involve others when making decisions so that they stay sharp for as long as possible.
Finally, when leaders have others involved in the decision-making process, they have people to double -check the quality of their decisions. This is related to the above point about decision fatigue--since leaders usually make the most decisions out of anyone in the group,they will inevitably make a bad decision once in a while. No leader will be working at 100% efficiency all the time. However, if a leader can rely on others to set him or her straight, then it is okay if he or she slips up once in a while because others can point out the problem and set the leader back on the right course. So involving others in the decision-making process not only helps leader prevent fatigue-induced errors, but it also minimizes the damage when these errors do occur.
2015年11月14日托福独立写作范文：When parents cannot afford time to accompany with their children, they could choose to send their children to child-care center where many children are cared together; or they could send their children to an individual caregiver.
2015年10月31日托福独立写作范文：Which one is the most important for teacher of high school:1 The ability to help students plan for their future;2 The ability to find the students who need help most and help them;3 Teach students how to learn outside the classroom.