2019年10月27日托福独立写作题目：Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The rapid growth of the cities has mostly positive impact on the society?
Hundreds of years ago, the suburban population far exceeded the city population around the world. In the past hundred years, however, city population skyrockets. More and more suburbs have developed into cities, and more and more immigrants chose to flow into cities. True, this rapid growth of city indeed has brought innumerable benefits to the society. Nevertheless, I still believe that its negative impacts should never be overlooked.
Firstly, the increasing population brings about severe competition. Because the resources are always limited, the competition intensifies as more people want them. Nowadays, more and more undergraduates are worrying about finding jobs, some of whom even had to start to look for dream companies the moment they began college life, which was very rare in the past. While for the working groups, many of the people are also concerned about suddenly being fired one day because of the competition and limited spots. The unemployment issue has become one of the biggest problems in many countries, leading to strikes, riots and social disorder in countries like France and Greece. In fact, the competition not only happens in labor markets — it extends to the market of goods and services. Whenever there is a sale, there will always be huge crowds. Sometimes the scenario becomes so extreme that people are stepping on others* feet and dragging others* clothes just for purchasing a pair of shoes. Because of this high demand caused by the increasing population, the average price level is also driven up. People nowadays have to spend times of money to buy the same goods than several years ago — while the wages are often raised in a much lower rate. Therefore, I believe, with more immigrants competing for the same jobs and goods and services, issues like unemployment and inflation are inevitable results
Secondly, another crucial problem related to the rapid growth of cities is environmental damage, and this can be reflected from various perspectives. As industrialization becomes more mature, more factories are built, more machinery is introduced, and more wastes are resulted. However, the corresponding waste disposal system is still not widely employed because its high implementation cost and complicated process. As a result, many factories just randomly dispose of the waste onto empty fields, overlooking the fact that many wastes will not be dissolved over time but will lead to great environmental damage like soil erosion. On the other hand, with more and more people owning automobiles, the greenhouse gases emitted by cars also have also skyrocketed these years. These greenhouse gases are trapped inside the earth, causing global warming, contributing to many consequences including animal extinction, sea level rise, and many unexpected natural disasters. These environment damages, if prolonged, may lead to unimaginable results — it may even threaten human survival. Therefore, I believe that the expansion of cities, if not accompanied by environmentally friendly ways of living, will yield great negative social impacts.
Admittedly, the growth of cities also yields many benefits. With technological development, our lives have been much more convenient and connected. We can talk to friends and relatives living across the ocean anytime we want and we can purchase all we need through a click on the screen. It is no denying that our living quality is improved. Nevertheless, I believe these benefits should not be an excuse for the enormous negative impacts of city growth. We must pay attention to these severe problems and try to come up with solutions, or the future will be not only uncertain but also dim.
In conclusion, based on the current situation 一 because of the unemployment, inflation and the irreversible environmental damage brought by city expansion, I believe the rapid growth of cities brings more harm than benefits.