2015年3月28日托福独立写作题目：Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: it is better to finish a project completely and then do another project than do two or more projects at the same time.有人认为优先完成一项任务要比同时完成两项或者多项任务要好，是否认同?
1.效率高 > 一次多任务
2.人际关系好 > 一次多任务
When talked about whether it is better to finish a project completely before beginning another project than work on two or more projects at the same time, I think that, beyond no doubt, it is more efficient to focus on one project at one time, though sometimes multi-tasking is also necessary.
The reason why I put great emphasis on finishing one task before moving on to another is that one’s energy is limited. What we should pursue is efficiency. When we are concentrating on one task, we devote ourselves to it. The preoccupation makes high efficiency. We will not waste time on handling completely different problems. Take my language learning experience as an example, I used to learn French and Japanese in my college – I took both courses every week. However, the two languages hardly have the common traits. When I needed to write French sentences, occasionally some Japanese grammatical rules popped out. Meanwhile, when I was practicing oral Japanese, suddenly I pronounced “Oui”(yes in French) instead of ”Hai” (yes in Japanese). Multi-tasking is the distraction which disturbs the learning process.
Furthermore, we can rarely gain confidence or a sense of accomplishment from dealing with many tasks at one time as we have finished none of them, but on the contrary, if we finish one project completely, surely will we obtain satisfaction from it. Psychologically, not only will we gain happiness and fulfillment by dealing with one task at a time, also, we can avoid some negative feelings. When there is only one project to handle, our mentality will suffer from less pressure than coping with several ones at the same time. We don’t need to worry about all the details or the deadlines. Instead, when we only focus on one task, our efficiency will be improved. As we finish the project, confidence will be instilled into our heart and interest in working will be kindled.
Admittedly, the ability of multi-tasking is also important. As for a student, he should learn how to cope with several tasks at one time as well. When teamwork is needed, he should compromise his schedule by meeting with other team members’. However, if one can make his own decision on dealing with one task at a time or dealing with several, the preference should be the former one.
While we were taught from a young age that efficiency means multi-tasking,certain projects should be completed one at a time. Such practice ensures thequality of the final product and prevents from one having to redo certain partsof a long process. It also ensures the safety of those who will ultimately bethe users of the final product.
A person has a limited attention span, and a sole stress of efficiencyoften results in a compromise of quality. In projects that are highly detailedand require a lot of careful attention, a person must devote his full attentionto the task in order to not make any careless mistakes. Take, for example, abiology project involving the genetic engineering of a human cell line. A lot ofinitial planning is involved in selecting the right cells suitable for growingin a laboratory and capable of modification. The cells must then be carefullymonitored in a controlled environment to keep them alive. The genes to bealtered are analyzed before there are delivered in a viral vector to the desiredcells. All of steps toward achieving the final product are laboriously plannedout and executed. Any small mishaps along the way can easily force the scientistto start the process all over again and waste months of previous work.
Some projects are assigned with specific instructions for those involved tonot take on any other projects. Such projects often involve products that willaffect the safety of a large number of individuals. In the field ofarchitectural design, a public structure to be used by thousands, even millions,of people every day will require that the initial project be carried out withcare. The Tacoma Narrows Bridge was a public infrastructure completed in 1950along the Puget Sound that was considered a monumental feat of engineering inits day. The twin suspension bridge, spanning 5,400 feet, took years of planningand construction by teams of architects, engineers, and construction workers.However, because the Department of Pacific Northwest Transportation was takingon several projects at the time and couldn’t simply focus on the bridge, thegroup of engineers failed to take the aerodynamics of the bridge intoconsideration during the design process. The gusts of wind along the TacomaNarrows brought the structure to a collapse within months of the bridge’sopening, resulting in a catastrophe that is still remembered to this day as aclassic example of failure of engineering.
As the two examples show, the projects of certain highly skilledprofessions require careful attention to detail and must be completed one at atime. Trying to couple several projects simultaneously will only result in onehaving to redo a lot of work due to careless errors or worse, a devastating lossof lives.
2015年3月7日托福独立写作：Some people think that it is an important part of a child’s education to go on a field trip (for example, museums)， other people think a child’s time is better spent learning in a classroom at school.