2015年1月10日托福独立写作题目：Do you agree or disagree with the statement: University students should be required to take basic science classes even if they are not part of the field of the study.
University courses lay a very solid academic foundation for the future development of college students. Facing the great selections of these courses, some people say that, basic science should be made compulsory for college students, for the reason that they could be more familiar with the advancement and evolution of human society. I disagree. I believe, despite minor merits, asking student of all majors to attend basic science classes would cause problems.
To begin with, science courses would put more academic pressure on students. College students have already had to study many theory and professional subjects related to their majors and their schedule is very tight. Take medical students as an example. They are not only obliged to finish their professional papers for credit, but also need to fulfill their internship in clinics. Their loads are so heavy that they cannot afford to take any irrelevant courses, namely basic science. In this case, university should not make this course a compulsory one since students would worry about whether they could finish their work on time and get the diploma.
Furthermore, a required science course would lead to unnecessary cost for students and their parents. Although it is basic science course, college may still hire some talented and senior science professors and experts, such as those from the best-known universities or scientific research institutes in order to guarantee the quality of lecturing. This would definitely increase the cost of schooling. Normally, this increased cost would be reflected in the tuition fee and increase the burden of students’ debt.
Admittedly, taking basic science courses does have its own merits. As a subject aiming to explain how the universe exits, basic science broaden students’ horizon and arouse their interests in science. Students could gain a deep understanding about the world they live in. However, since it is basic science course which indicates that the knowledge imparted there is relatively easy to understand or simply could be acquired by other methods rather than a required course in university. After all, students are expecting higher education there. TV documentaries and books are all available for students to gain the knowledge of basic science.
In conclusion, though there are some minor benefits to take basic science courses, making every college student attend these classes would not be a wise choice.
The increasing attention being paid to education has led to the rise of university education’s status all over the world. A problem comes with it in the process of promoting university education is how to complete a high-quality advanced education. One of the ideas of pursuing all-rounded education of students calls for all the students to receive classes in a number of subjects that are within or beyond the scope of their major field. Is this requirement reasonable and effective? I don’t think so. Though there are certain merits being brought by learning science classes, some students get more disadvantages in carrying out such policy.
At first, we can’t denigrate the advantages of learning basic sciences during college time. To be a knowledgeable and well-round person, one must have access to both arts and science knowledge. And the university phase is exactly one of the most important learning periods in one’s life. If receiving education on basic science during the four years study in universities, students can have more understanding of the world, which helps them live more wisely and happily. Many theories and principles they got are able to explain things happening around them, like the change of moons and stars and how computer works. They can, subsequently, solve many problems by themselves and also help others find solutions. Besides, integrating the basic knowledge of science and the knowledge of other fields that university students concentrate on is going to shape talents with full grasp of a variety of disciplines. However, not all students can benefit from such requirement and should take basic science courses in universities.
For example, for students who are not into science, this action will bring more harm to them. It’s widely believed that interest is the motivation of study. And it is also true that the attitude students take toward each subject has mutual effect on one another. That is to say, if students have an aversion to one subject, it is more likely that they have negative motion in learning other subjects. Therefore, their overall attitude towards study will be adversely affected. So if students who are not fascinated about, or even hate science are required to take courses of it, in the end, an resistance or aversion motion will arise and prevent them from learning what they originally are supposed to learn. Hence, not all students should learn basic science.
Besides, it is also not a good choice for those who already don’t have good command of their majors to learn extra courses in basic science. For some students, classes and large amount of assignments of their major courses have already take most of their time and energy. They almost immerse in books, papers or experiments related to their own fields all day long, but might still be completed troubled by these contents and have no energy to be distributed to other items. Imposing new pressure of learning other subjects to them will push them to collapse, and also affect their efficiency of learning their major courses by distracting their energies. As a result, the performance of students who can’t deal with their field’s knowledge will become worse. Thus, such students shouldn’t learn the extra science classes.
To conclude, requiring all university students to learn basic science courses is not a good idea and students should learn these courses according to their own study conditions—whether they can harness the advantages of learning more from science classes or they may be negatively affected by the extra courses.