来源:原创作品 | 2019-08-22185



Questions 1-10 are based on the following passage.

This passage is adapted from Rita Dove, Through the Ivory Gate. ©1992 by Rita Dove. The novel's main character, Virginia, has just found her old cello while unpacking after a move.

She had not played seriously since college. Accompanying the theater troupe's performances and clowning around as her friend Parker picked out old Beatles songs on the piano didn't count一that s wasn't real music, music that made you forget where you were, made you forget where your arms and legs ended and luscious sound began.

She had started playing the cello when she was nine, shortly after the move to Arizona. At the beginning of the school year in Akron, every child in fourth grade had been issued a pre-instrument called a tonette so the teacher could determine who had an "aptitude" for music. Virginia had liked the neatness of the tonette, its modest musical range and how it fit into her school desk on the right side. Whenever she covered a fingerhole, she felt the contour of its slightly raised lip and imagined she was playing the tentacle of an octopus.

She had chafed through months of scales and simple songs, waiting for the moment when she would walk across the auditorium stage and choose: kneel among the rows of somber black cases, undo the metal clasps and fling open the lid to reveal her instrument, a flute or a clarinet, glowing softly, half buried in deep blue velvet.

But before she could make her choice, they moved to Arizona. There, the music instruments were stored in a classroom trailer, and when she opened the flute case she nearly winced from the glare bouncing off all that polished silver, those gloating caps and hinges. The clarinet was worse—it looked like an overdesigned walking stick, sounded like a clown laughing, and had reeds that needed to be softened in spit.

The music teacher shut the cases with a succession of curt clicks. "That leaves the strings," she sighed, leading the way back through the noonday blaze and into the main building, where the violins, violas, cellos and double basses were housed. There, by virtue of its sonorous name, Virginia asked for the violoncello—and was too intimidated by the teacher's growing impatience to protest when what emerged from the back closets was something resembling not a guitar, but a childsized android. In her anguish Virginia bowed her head and blindly accepted the instrument. It was not long, however, before she realized that she had made a good choice, for the sound of its name was synonymous with the throbbing complaint that poured out of its cumbersome body.

It took her nearly a year just to learn how to hold it properly. She had been accustomed to practicing after school, but one weekend evening while her parents were out, she dragged the instrument into their bedroom and used pillows to prop the music on the armchair. She was just about to sit on the edge of the bed when something, maybe the shadow thrown from the flowered lampshade or the slats of light sifting from the street, made her want to do things right. She got a straightback chair from the dining room and sat down correctly, bringing the instrument slowly toward her body. The lamp picked up the striations down the back of the wood, each strip slightly different, a little browner, a little more golden, but meeting its mate at the spine, a barely perceptible seam. For the first time she saw that the back of the cello was rounded like a belly, the belly of a tiger she had to bring close to her, taming it before she was torn limb from limb. She had to love and not be scared, and show the cat that it did not need to growl to protect itself. The animal stood on its hind legs and pressed its torso to hers, one paw curled like a ribbon behind her left ear. It was heavy; she sat very straight in the chair in order to support it.

Funny how fantasy works. And memory. I haven't thought about that evening in years. Virginia bent down and lay the cello case on its back, as she knelt to unsnap the metal clasps.

1>The repetition of the phrase "made you forget" in [line 5] primarily serves to

A) emphasize the qualities Virginia associates with powerful music.

B) re-create Virginia's emotional reaction to the Beatles songs she once heard.

C) suggest that Virginia's memories of the theater troupe are fading with time.

D) highlight the regret Virginia feels about ending her musical studies.


修辞目的题:首先repetition的一个很重要的作用就是强调(emphasis),这里说音乐可以让她忘 掉什么,意思是音乐对Virginia强大的作用。所以选A。

2>In the passage, the description of Virginia's experience with the tonette illustrates which aspect of her relationship with music?

A) Her extraordinary aptitude for music at a young age.

B) Her early interest in and commitment to music.

C) Her initial fear of failure as she learned to play music.

D) Her resentment as a child of the time required to p ractice music.


根据文章13-18行可知,主人公很小在学习 tonette的时候就喜欢音乐了,其中13行的like等同于选项的interest.

3>As used in jump to line 39, "housed" is most similar in meaning to which other word as used in the passage?

A) "covered" (jump to line 16).

B) "moved" (jump to line 26).

C) "stored" (jump to line 27).

D) "opened" (jump to line 28).


词汇题。这里house是存放的意思,结构上对应 上段说clarinet存放(stored 27行)位置。所以 选C.

4>Based on the passage, which choice best describes Virginia's reaction to the flute and clarinet in the classroom trailer?

A) She is skeptical of the quality of both instruments, in particular that of the clarinet.

B) She is repelled by the appearance of both instruments and by the sound of the clarinet.

C) She is concerned about the poor conditions in which both instruments have been stored.

D) She is frustrated by the difficulty of playing either instrument properly.


细节题。问看到clarinet和flute的反映,对应28一 29行,Virginia的反映是wince from」所以B的 repelled和D的frustrated备选。再看from后的内容,则选择B.

5>According to the passage, Virginia allows herself to be assigned the violoncello because

A) she is reluctant to request an alternative.

B) it is the last instrument remaining in the trailer.

C) its graceful form reminds her of a wild animal.

D) the sound it produces has soulful attributes.


要看清题目所问。V被指派弹奏violoncello是因为。定位40-46行,老师很不耐烦了,她最后只能blindly accept。所以A最合适,意思是她不敢要求再看另外的了。这题容易通过46行之后的内容误选D,D对应不了题干所问。

6>In the passage, the narrator suggests that Virginia perceives a relationship between which aspects of a musical instrument?

A) What it is called and how it sounds.

B) How it should be played and the maintenance it requires.

C) What it looks like and how popular it is.

D) How widely available it is and how easy it is to master.


7>Which choice provides the best evidence for the answer to the previous question?

A) lines 19-25 ("She ... velvet").

B) lines 26-30 ("But ... hinges").

C) lines 35-39 ("The music ... housed").

D) lines 46-50 ("It was ... body").


上下两题对应看。题干问V认识到乐器什么方面的关系。通过6的题干其实可以判断7题只能选D。只有D能回答6题。其中synonymous表示 relationship, its name等同于选项what it is called,throbbing complaint是乐器发出的声音, 等同于how it sounds.

8>In the sixth paragraph (jump to lines 51-74), the narrator suggests that Virginia recognizes a need to change her attitude toward the cello from one of

A) uncertainty to firm commitment.

B) dissatisfaction to reluctant acceptance.

C) apprehension to calm affection.

D) frustration to deep respect.


V对ce llo的态度变化需要从对cello的两个比喻来看,定位文章68-71行,V对cello的看法最初是tiger后来又变成了cat,所以是从 apprehension担忧,到calm affection静静的喜爱,所以C符合。


Which choice provides the best evidence for the answer to the previous question?

A) lines 51-52 ("It took ... properly").

B) lines 52-56 ("She had ... armchair").

C) lines 60-62 ("She ... her body").

D) lines 69-71 ("She ... itself').



10>In the context of the passage as a whole, the italicized sentences in jump to lines 75-76 mainly serve to

A) cast doubt on the accuracy of Virginia's memories.

B)introduce the point of view of a new character.

C)suggest a contrast between real and imagined events.

D) indicate a shift in time and perspective.