来源:原创作品 | 2019-08-227521








Questions 1-10 are based on the following passage.

This passage is adapted from Edith Wharton, "Mrs Mansley's View." Originally published in 1891.


Mrs. Manstey, in the long hours which she spent at her window, was not idle. She read a little, and knitted numberless stockings; but the view surrounded and shaped her life as the sea does a lonely island. When her rare callers came it was difficult for her to detach herself from the contemplation of the opposite window-washing, or the scrutiny of certain green points in a neighboring flower-bed which might, or might not, tum into hyacinths, while she feigned an interest in her visitor's anecdotes about some unknown grandchild. Mrs. Manstey's real friends were the denizens of the yards, the hyacinths, the magnolia, the green parrot, the maid who fed the cats, the doctor who studied late behind his mustard-colored curtains; and the confidant of her tenderer musings was the church­spire floating in the sunset.

One April day, as she sat in her usual place, with knitting cast aside and eyes fixed on the blue sky mottled with round clouds, a knock at the door announced the entrance of her landlady. Mrs. Manstey did not care for her landlady, but she submitted to her visits with ladylike resignation. To-day, however, it seemed harder than usual to turn from the blue sky and the blossoming magnolia to Mrs. Sampson's unsuggestive face, and Mrs.Manstey was conscious of a distinct effort as she did so .

"The magnolia is out earlier than usual this year, Mrs. Sampson," she remarked, yielding to a rare impulse, for she seldom alluded to the . absorbing interest of her life. In the first place it was a topic not likely to appeal to her visitors and, besides, she lacked the power of expression and could not have given utterance to her feelings had she wished to.

"The what, Mrs. Manstey?" inquired the landlady, glancing about the room as if to find there the explanation of Mrs. Manstey's statement. "The magnolia in the next yard -- in Mrs. Black's yard," Mrs. Manstey repeated.

"Is it, indeed? I didn't know there was a magnolia there," said Mrs. Sampson, carelessly. Mrs. Manstey looked at her; she did not know that there was a magnolia in the next yard!

"By the way," Mrs. Sampson continued, "speaking of Mrs. Black reminds me that the work on the extension is to begin next week."

"The what?" it was Mrs. Manstey's turn to ask.

"The extension," said Mrs. Sampson, nodding her head in the direction of the ignored magnolia. "You an extension to her house? Yes, ma'am. I hear it is to run right back to the end of the yard. How she can afford to build an extension in these hard times I don't see; but she always was crazy about building. She used to keep a boarding-house in Seventeenth Street, and she nearly ruined herself then by sticking out bow-windows and what not. Anyhow, the work is to begin on Monday."

Mrs. Manstey had grown pale. She always spoke slowly, so the landlady did not heed the long pause which followed. At last Mrs. Manstey said: "Do you know how high the extension will be?"

"That's the most absurd part of it. The extension 65 is to be built right up to the roof of the main building; now, did you ever?"

"Mrs. Manstey paused again. "Won't it be a great annoyance to you, Mrs. Sampson?" she asked.

"I should say it would. But there's no help for it; if people have got a mind to build extensions there's no law to prevent 'em, that I'm aware of." Mrs. Manstey, knowing this, was silent. "There is no help for it," Mrs. Sampson repeated, "Well, good-day, Mrs. Manstey; I'm glad to find you so comfortable."

So comfortable -- so comfortable! Left to herself the old woman turned once more to the window. How lovely the view was that day! The blue sky with its round clouds shed a brightness over everything; the ailanthus had put on a tinge of yellow-green, the hyacinths were budding, the magnolia flowers looked more than ever like rosettes carved in alabaster. Soon the wistaria would bloom, then the horse-chestnut; but not for her. Between her eyes and them a barrier of brick and mortar would swiftly rise; presently even the spire would disappear, and all her radiant world be blotted out.


1》As used in line 2, "idle" most nearly means.

A) indifferent.

B) unoccupied.

C) superficial.

D) lethargic.

1. 选B.词汇题。问" idle"在上下文中的词义。A indifferent, 是不感兴趣、不关心的意思。Bunoccupied是没有闲着的意思,为正确选项。因为紧接着后面一句话说女主人公坐在窗边也没有完全发呆, 也做了两件事, 读了会书, 织了几双袜子。She read a little, She read a little, knitted numberless stockings。C superficial是肤浅的、表面的意思。D lethargic是情懒、无精打采的意思。这道题难度较低。Idle是一个比较常见的词, A和C也是常见词, 唯一选错的可能是错选D, 因为lethargic有点难, 可能不认识。

2》At line 18, the focus of the passage shifts from

A) a portrayal of the main character's daily routine to an explanation of why that routine is important to her.

B) a general description of the main character to a sustained narration of an episode in her life.

C) an overview of a dilemma faced by the main character to a portrayal of her reaction to that dilemma.

D) a discussion of the main character's pastimes to a description of her attempts to develop a new one.

2.选B.概括全文走线题, 属于比较难的修辞手法题一类, 需要比较强的理解和抽象概括能力。要求学生概括文章写作的焦点从什么转为什么。A a portray al of the main character's daily routine to an explanati on of why that routine is impor tant to her前半部分可以说没有错, 但是后半部分并不是解释每天必做的事对女主人公为什么重要, 而是叙述了一件事情。所以错了。Ba general description of the main character to a sustained narration of an episode in her life是正确选项。文章第一段确实是概述了女主人公总体上喜欢透过窗户看风景,然后用比较长的篇幅叙述了她生活中的一件事。C an overview of a dilemma faced by the main character to a portrayal of her reaction to that dilemma前半部分显然错了,前半部分没有提到两难的困境,另外, 女主人公遇到的困难,而不是两难的困境。Da d1" scuss1on of the mam character's pastimes to a descnptlon of her attempts to develop a new one. 显然错误, 女主人公并没有想发展新的爱好。

3》The exchange between Mrs. Manstey and Mrs. Sampson regarding the magnolia (lines 28-44) serves primarily to

A)出stinguish between the true significance of an event and the significance that Mrs. Manstey assigns to that event.

B) dramatize the contrasting ways in which Mrs. Manstey and Mrs. Sampson address a sensitive issue.

C) illustrate the marked divergence in the attitudes of Mrs. Manstey and Mrs. Sampson toward their immediate surroundings.

D) highlight a realization that Mrs. Manstey has regarding a point of contention between her and Mrs. Sampson.

3. 选C目的题,属于修辞手法题。 问Mrs.Manstey andM rs.S ampson的关于magnolia对 话在全文中的作用是什么? A说是为了显出女主人公对一件事的重要性的认知与这件事实际重要性不符。错误, 女主人公对事情的认知有自己的偏好,但并不糊涂。B说是为了戏剧化地表现两位女士处理同一件敏感问题的不同态度。Magnolia是一种花花草草, 不是什么敏感问题。注意,SAT 不考察单词, 不需要知道magnolia是什么意思, 不要去查,写完解析也不知道这个单词的意思,都是可以的。Cillustrate the marked divergence in the attitudes ofM rs.M anstey andM rs.S ampson toward their immediate surroundings说是为了说明两位女士对身边环境的不同态度。是正确选项。因为magnolia是长在她们身边,天天可以看到的。请注意这个选项中的marked和immediate都是多义词,是SAT喜欢考的词。D说是突出显示Mrs.Manstey 认知到了她与Mrs.Sampson对某件事的不同看法。这里的某件事是说magnolia 。但是文章的关键不是关于magnolia, 而是为引出后面风景被挡对别人来说不要紧,对Mrs.Manstey来说很可怕。

4》As used in line 31, "absorbing" most nearly means

A) relaxing.

B) amusing.

C) engagmg.

D) transforming.

4. 选C. 词汇题, 问"absorbing"在上下文中的词义。选项C)engaging正确,这道题相当简单,属于送分题。

5》In the passage, Mrs. Sampson announces that which change will occur next door?

A) A neighbor will expand her house.

B) A neighbor will tear down a building.

C) A neighbor will sell a portion of her property.

D) A neighbor will begin taking in boarders.

5. 选A. 实际上是考察extension的意思,因为后面提到了修extension会修很高,所以要答对也不难。A为正确选项,其他选项错得离谱。注意最后一个选项A neighbor will begin taking in boarders里面的take in词组倒是比较难,take in是把衣服啊围墙改小的意思。

6》In the context of the passage, lines 60-62 ("Mrs. Manstey ... followed") serve mainly to

A) compare Mrs. Sampson's receptiveness to a discovery with Mrs. Manstey's aversion to it.

B) indicate the strength of the impression that a piece of news makes on Mrs. Manstey.

C) imply that Mrs. Manstey's misinterpretation of an announcement goes unnoticed by Mrs. Sampson.

D) dramatize Mrs. Manstey's unwillingness to discuss a personal matter.

6. 选B. 问描写女主人公听说了邻居要扩建房子的消息后很长一段时间说不出话来是为了表现什么?B为正确选项,indicate the strength of the impression that a piece of news makes onM rs.Manstey, 表现女主人公听了消息以后被严重打击到了。A错在并不是比较两人反应。C错在重点不在Mrs.Sampson. D错在a personal matter, 文章没有提到。

7》Based on the passage, the attitude of Mrs. Sampson toward Mrs. Black's extension is best described as one of

A) growing anger.

B) willful denial.

C) stoical acceptance.

D) sober satisfaction.

7. 选C. 问Mrs.Sampson对房屋扩建的态度。这道题比较难,一是文中并没有明确说Mrs.Sampson的态度,只是通过她自己的话来暗示,二是选项中的单词也比较难。不认识willful,stoical和sober, 就容易选错 。 A growing anger.B willful denial. Willful是故意的,任性的意思,比较偏。C stoical acceptance. Stoical这个单词比较难,是uncomplaining、能忍受痛苦的意思。为正确选项。就是说Mrs.Sampson也不喜欢邻居扩建,但是也没办法。D sober satisfaction. Sober的基本意思是没喝酒, 没醉的意思。

8》Which choice provide the best evidence for the answer to the previous question?

A) Lines 45-47 ("By the … week")

B) Lines 49-52 ("The extension ... house")

C) Lines 53-55 ("How she … building")

D) Lines 69-71 ("But there's … aware of'')

8. 选D. 问上一题的证据D正确。这句话表明Mrs.Sampson也觉得这个事是一个annoyance, 但是没有办法阻止。

9》Based on the passage, which choice best describes Mrs. Manstey's reaction to Mrs. Black's plans? A) She feels that the life she has constructed for herself is about to come to an end.

B) She takes comfort in the fact that she can still find solace in nature.

C) She regrets that she did not express her opposition to the plans more forceflly.

D) She resolves to address the difficulties that the plans will impose on her.

9. 选A. 问Mrs.Manstey对扩建房屋的态度, A正确。她觉得因为修好以后她自己的窗外视野被挡, 她在窗边恓意的生活就要被破坏了。B说她觉得自己可以在自然中找到慰藉, 这个原文没有说。C说她后悔没有更强烈地表达反对, 这个原文也没有说。D说她下心解决难题, 这个原文也没有说。

10》Which choice provides the best evidence for the answer to the previous question?

A) Lines 67-68 ("Mrs. Manstey … asked")

B) Lines 75-77 ("Left ... day")

C) Lines 77-81 ("The blue ... alabaster")

D) Lines 83-86 ("Between … out")

10. 选D. 问上一题的证据D正确, 明确说了all her radiant world (would) be blotted out.