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2019年10月考前SAT写作7/7/8的模板和套路尽在此

来源:原创作品 | 2019-09-2962

我们给大家罗列了一下大致的SAT写作流程,包括文章总体布局和body段的写作模式。后面基于不同的SAT写作手法罗列出了有关手法的分析、标志、常用的词汇以及模板句型等。如果能够熟练掌握并应用文

我们给大家罗列了一下大致的SAT写作流程,包括文章总体布局和body段的写作模式。后面基于不同的SAT写作手法罗列出了有关手法的分析、标志、常用的词汇以及模板句型等。如果能够熟练掌握并应用文中的所有内容,拿到满意的分数,就不枉天道智思SAT考试培训教研组总结的此片文章.

SAT写作body段的展开

以下的内容是通过四个步骤,recognition, information, contribution, effect来布局主体段的内容。

1、Recognition

在首段开门见山地提出本段的主题,也就是说,作者具体使用了什么手法。模板句的例子:

The author starts his/her article of by recounting a story…

The author’s argument is also featured by his use of…

Finally, the author makes use of…

2. Information

把原文中的主要信息融入到写作中,对于原文进行一定程度上的引用或改写,是抽象化、概括化的过程。注意筛选信息,不是所有内容都需要写进去,只需要寻找最重要最值得分析的部分。

3. Contribution

作者是如何支持了他自己的观点,主体是作者。

4. Effect

使读者想到的,感受到的内容,主体是读者。

Notice

1. coherence, 一个策略穿到底;

2. 后两个部分的每一句话, author, reader, strategy;

3. 在分析中主要提及author’s purpose, enable readers to think…about the claim, enable readers to feel…;

4. 段落总结句再次提及readers和效果(套话)。

文章布局

开头段

文章的标题、作者的全名、中心论点、下面要分析的三种手法:

Notice:

1.主旨不能中立,只能有一个立场

2.如果对于中心论点不确定,可以看文章最后的方框中的内容

3.文章的标题注意要用双引号来引用

Model:

1.In response to…, the author…argues that…

2.In the article, “…”by “…”, …makes an argument claiming that

3.…builds an argument to persuade his/her audience about…

结尾段

为省时间可直接重复开头的内容,但不建议完全不写。

主体段

Anecdote

Vocabulary: imaginary, vivid, consonance(共鸣), emotion, credible, describe, depict, evoke, inspire, arouse

Effect(可以从以下角度思考)

1)场景感和画面感

2)共鸣

3)情感影响 (sense of…可具体)

4)可行度和说服力

Sample Sentence:

1)In telling this brief anecdote, the author…

2)By drawing his/her readers with a personal encounter about…, the author…

Example

Feature: whole-part, for example;

Analysis: explain the “detailed” and “specific” feature Correct part with the whole;

Vocabulary: specific, characteristic, typical, representative, clarify, detailed, concrete, clear, illustrate, demonstrate, clarify, show, indicate, explain, illuminate;

Effect(可以从以下角度思考)

1)清晰明确 explicit, define, definite

2)信服度 credible, reliable

3)具体,细节 detailed, concrete, typical

4)部分连接到整体 easily connect to the claim, build a link between the author and audience

5)逻辑 logos

Statistics

Feature: number, numerals;

Analysis:explain the feature of the data 找趋势性、极端数据;

Vocabulary: precise, factual, credible, scientific, believable, undeniable, present a series numbers, explain, show, validate, justify, solidify, emphasize, imply;

Effect (可以从以下角度思考)

1)准确度 accuracy, precision, exactness

2)直观清晰 direct, definite, obvious, explicit, clear

3)数据内涵 trend, considerable size

4)可信度 credibility, reliable, power

5)无可辩驳 irrefutable, undeniable

6)逻辑 logical

Notice: 一个主体段不要写太多数据,数据本身不能用作pathos

Fact

Feature: poll, survey, research;

Vocabulary: irrefutable, cold, hard, authentic, credible;

Effect: build a reliable case, logos;

Contrast

Analysis: the implementation of the contrast targets, point out the “emphasis” effect(一定要总结出对比双方);

Feature: distinct difference, antonym;

Vocabulary: dramatize, sharp, converse, opposite, different, distinct, highlight, impression;

Effect: pathos, logos;

Comparison

Analysis: the implication of the target, point out the “clarify” and “emphasis” effect;

Feature: similarity, dissimilarity;

Vocabulary: different, impression, clear, logically, reasonable, weigh the advantage and disadvantage in a rational way;

Effect: logos;

Rebuttal

Analysis

1)find out counterargument

2)explain how does the author refute the counterargument (method/evidence)

3)how and what does readers change their mind after the rebuttal

4)effect

Vocabulary: challenge the tradition/common sense, significant, undeniable, eliminate doubt, surprise readers, indefensible

Model

1)To acknowledge the counterargument raised here, the author refutes the claim that…

2)The author recognizes counterargument against his/her argument, he/she uses powerful evidences to make a rebuttal that…

3.)The author mentions…to acknowledge the counterargument that…, and refutes the claim by stating…

Diction / Word Choices

Analysis: suggest how the author want us to view the subject, explain the connotation and tone, look for similarities between words;

Feature: stance, tone, and bias;

Vocabulary: specific, positive/negative, mood;

Effect: appeal to pathos;

Notice: 解释connotation (the meaning or feeling of a word),把diction分组写,同组为同语气,一段写2-3组。

Rhetorical Question

Analysis: find out the implication, focus on the “elicit emotion or thinking” part;

Feature: asked merely for effect with no answer expected;

Vocabulary: emphasis, provocation, stirring one’s feeling, tug at one’s heart string, heartfelt ponderance, inquiry, encourage, force.;

Effect: pathos, add emphasis, elicit emotion and thinking, draw attention

Parallelism

Analysis: quote the repeating or theme, find out the author’s purpose, highlight/call to attention/summon/criticize;

Feature: same syntax or sentence structure;

Vocabulary: emphatic, powerful, repetitive, echo, strengthen;

Effect: pathos (appeal to emotion), strengthen the claim, clarity, memorable, rhythm of the language, sense of urgency;

Simile / Metaphor

Analysis: explain the connotation of the喻体, connect the喻体和本体;

Vocabulary: figurative, characterize, similarity, compare…to…, connotation, dramatize, imagery;

Effect: create imagery, make the claim vividly, establish connection between…and…;

Allusion

Analysis: explain the historic event, literature…;

explain the connection between two things;

Feature: use common knowledge to explain unfamiliar things;

Vocabulary: allude, reference, similarity, familiar;

Effect: pathos, association, familiarity, add significance to the idea, clarity, appeal to history.


以上就是在SAT写作中的文章布局和常用写作手法的语料(套路),如果大家能够掌握了这些内容,并结合具体的考试文章将这些套路融合到写作中去,相信取得一个较为不错的成绩并不是一件难事。当然,临近考试,平常的练习也不能够不重视。祝大家在十月份都能够拿到满意的成绩,成功分手SAT!

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