「The Reading Passage」——Raise the Minimum Wage
Paragraph 1「 应对材料文的第1-2段 」
At the beginning of the essay, the statement that “a last-minute compromise” is made creates a hook, which quickly draws readers’ attention, and suggests the difficulty passing the bill has experienced, which is that opponents of the bill, California Chamber of Commerce, deemed the bill “a job killer”. The author is obviously aware of this negative implication and, meanwhile, believes that “the gains clearly offset the costs” however. At this point, the argument that the minimum wage should be raised is manifested. In the following paragraph, with the history revisited, we readers become aware that California is a pioneer state in giving its workers fair pay and has been making continued efforts. The key point of the bill – at what time how much a worker would be paid – is then introduced, and without knowing the numbers, no readers would persuaded that the bill is reasonable.
Paragraph 2「 应对材料文的第3-6段 」
The scale of impact of the bill that 3.4 million Californians would be benefited is stated in the third paragraph, as the author quotes the estimate made by the left-leaning Economic Policy Institute. The author then specifies the populations that particularly need the raise, and because the raise would enable those populations—those who have children to feed and mature-age adults—to lead a proper life with some dignity, the raise is significant. Further, it is pointed out that the influence of the raise would be widespread in a different dimension, as 60 percent of occupations are expected to witness the growing percentage of the low-skill jobs.
我们一直在强调：大家在写作中不要仅仅总结材料文的内容，而是在总结的同时去分析材料文。包括interpretation of ideas(解读性的总结)、strategies(写作策略)、techniques(写作笔法)以及the author’s purposes and intents(写作意图)。