智思教育

雅思阅读真题+题目+答案:Man or Machine

来源:原创作品 | 2020-03-1620

雅思阅读真题+题目+答案:ManorMachineADuringJuly2003,theMuseumofScienceinCambridge,MassachusettsexhibitedwhatHondacalls'theworld'smostadvancedhumanoidrobot',AS1MO(theAdvancedStepinI...

雅思阅读真题+题目+答案:Man or Machine 

A

During July 2003, the Museum of Science in Cambridge, Massachusetts exhibited what Honda calls 'the world's most advanced humanoid robot', AS1MO (the Advanced Step in Innovative Mobility). Honda's brainchild is on tour in North America and delighting audiences wherever it goes. After 17 years in the making, ASIMO stands at four feet tall, weighs around 115 pounds and looks like a child in an astronaut's suit. Though it is difficult to see ASIMO's face at a distance, on closer inspection it has a smile and two large eyes' that conceal cameras. The robot cannot work autonomously - its actions are 'remote controlled' by scientists through the computer in its backpack. Yet watching ASMIO perform at a show in Massachusetts it seemed uncannily human. The audience cheered as ASIMO walked forwards and backwards, side to side and up and downstairs. After the show, a number of people told me that they would like robots to play more of a role in daily life - one even said that the robot would be like 'another person'.


A

在2003年7月,曼彻斯特的剑桥博物馆陈列了Honda称之为“世界最先进的人性机器人”:ASIMO (即“创新移动的进步之举)。Honda的智力产物正在北美巡回展示,所过之处,总能令现众开心不已。17年的辛苦制作,ASIMO高4英尺,重115磅,以小孩的形态穿着宇航服。在远距离看不清ASIMO,近距离下ASIMO面带微笑,两个大眼睛包含着摄像头。它不能自己行走,得由科学家通过机器人背包上的电脑远程控制。观察ASIMO在曼彻斯特的表演,很令人惊讶,它具有人性的特征。ASIMO走来走去的时候,上下楼梯的时候,现众总是爆发出喝彩声。展示过后,许多人跟我说,他们喜欢机器人在日常生活中起更大的作用——有人甚至说:机器人就像是人一样。

B


While the Japanese have made huge strides in solving some of the engineering problems of human kinetics (n.动力学) and bipedal (adj. 两足动物的)movements, for the past 10 years scientists at MIT's former Artificial Intelligence (Al) lab (recently renamed the Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, CSAIL) have been making robots that can behave like humans and interact with humans. One of MITs robots, Kismet, is an anthropomorphic (adj.拟人的) head and has two eyes (complete with eyelids), ears, a mouth, and eyebrows. It has several facial expressions, including happy, sad, frightened and disgusted. Human interlocutors are able to read some of the robot's facial expressions, and often change their behavior towards the machine as a result - for example, playing with it when it appears ‘sad’. Kismet is now in MIT’s museum, but the ideas developed here continue to be explored in new robots.


B

日本人大踏步地解决人类动力学和两足动物移动的工程问題。与此同时,近十年来,MIT的前人工智能实验室AI(现在重新命名为电脑科学人工智能实验室CSAIL)—直致力于研制能够类似于人类,同时能与人互动的机器人。Kismet是MIT的拟人机器人,有一个像人一样的头,有两只眼睛(也有眼睑),耳朵,嘴巴,眉毛。它可以做好些面部表情,比如开心,悲伤,惊恐,讨厌。与之对话,我们可以获得机器人的些许面部表情,从而改换面对机器人的态度。比如说:当机器人表现出“悲伤”的时候,就与机器人玩耍.Kismet如今位于MIT的博物馆,但这里发展的理念将继续在新的机器人身上被探索。

C


Cog (short for Cognition) is another pioneering project from MIT’s former AI lab. Cog has a head, eyes, two arms, hands and a torso (n.躯干) - and its proportions were originally measured from the body of a researcher in the lab. The work on Cog has been used to test theories of embodiment and developmental robotics, particularly getting a robot to develop intelligence by responding to its environment via sensors, and to learn through these types of interactions.


C

COG(认知cognition的缩写)是另外一个前MIT智能实验室的先驱项目。有头,两条胳膊,手臂和躯干,其比例最早是由实验室研究员的身体测量而来的。COG被用来检测机器人学的体现和发展,特别是通过传感器去发展智力反应周边环境方面,以及通过互动类型学习方面。

D


MIT is getting furthest down the road to creating human-like and interactive robots. Some scientists argue that ASIMO is a great engineering feat but not an intelligent machine - because it is unable to interact autonomously with unpredictabilities in its environment in meaningful ways, and learn from experience. Robots like Cog and Kismet and new robots at MIT’s CSAIL and media lab, however, are beginning to do this.


D

在创造类人互动机器人方面,MIT无疑走得最远。有些科学家争辩道:ASIMO是一个伟大的工程,但并不算是智力机器。因为它不能自动以有意义的方式与未知情况互动,也不能从经验中学习。COG和Kismet,以及在MIT的CSAIL媒体实验室的新机器人却是可以自发学习的。

E


These are exciting developments. Creating a machine that can walk, make gestures and learn from its environment is an amazing achievement. And watch this space: these achievements are likely rapidly to be improved upon. Humanoid robots could have a plethora of uses in society, helping to free people from everyday tasks. In japan, for example, there is an aim to create robots that can do the tasks similar to an average human, and also act in more sophisticated situations as firefighters, astronauts or medical assistants to the elderly in the workplace and in homes – partly in order to counterbalance the effects of an ageing population.


E

这些都是令人激动的进展。创造一个机器,能走,能做手势,能从环境中学习,这是了不起的成就。看看这种发展空间吧:这些现有成就都还能够很快地加以改进。类人机器人能在社会上具有广泛的用途:把人们从日常琐事中解放出来。举个例子:在日本,人们想创造出精密的机器人,能够与正常人做一样的工作,比如说消防队员,宇航员,工作地点和家中医护助手,以便于部分地抵消老龄化的影响。

F


Such robots say much about the way in which we view humanity, and they bring out the best and worst of us. On one hand, these developments express human creativity - our ability to invent, experiment, and to extend our control over the world. On the other hand, the aim to create a robot like a human being is spurred on by dehumanized ideas - by the sense that human companionship can be substituted by machines; that humans lose their humanity when they interact with technology; or that we are little more than surface and ritual behaviors, that can be simulated with metal and electrical circuits.


F

这些机器人证明了我们看待人性的方式,它们也表现出了我们人类中最好的和最差的方面。一方面,这些发展表达了人类创新性,也就是我们有能力去发明,实验,和延长对世界的控制。另一方面,创造类人机器人的目标被去个性化的理念所刺激。人类友情将让路于机器。当人类与技术互动时,人类失去了人性。或者说,我们人类不过是表面和楼式行为而己,能够被钢铁和电路所取代。


雅思阅读真题题目:

Questions 1-6

Reading passage 1 has six paragraphs, A-F.

Which paragraph contains the following information?

Write the correct letter, A-F, in boxes 1-6 on your answer sheet.

NB you may use any letter more than once

1 different ways of using robots

2 a robot whose body has the same proportion as that of an adult

3 the fact that human can be copied and replaced by robots

4 a comparison between ASIMO from Honda and other robots

5 the pros and cons of creating robots

6 a robot that has eyebrows

Questions 7-13

Complete the following summary of the paragraphs of Reading Passage 1, using NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the Reading Passage for each answer.

Write your answers in boxes 7-13 on your answer sheet.

In 2003, Massachusetts displayed a robot named ASIMO which was invented by Honda, after a period of 7 in the making. The operating information is stored in the computer in its 8 so that scientists can control ASIMO's movement. While Japan is making great progress, MIT is developing robots that are human-like and can 9 humans. What is special about Kismet is that it has different 10 which can be read by human interlocutors. 11 is another robot from MIT, whose body's proportion is the same as an adult. By responding to the surroundings through 12 ,it could develop its 13 .



雅思阅读真题答案:

1-6CFDFB

7、17 years 8、backpack 9、interact with 10、facial expres sions 11、Cg/Cgnition 12、sensors 13、intelligence


天道智思 开设多种雅思班型,拒绝多次刷分,高效提分!

线上、线下均可授课!


版权及免责声明
1、如转载本网原创文章,请表明出处;
2、本网转载媒体稿件旨在传播更多有益信息,并不代表同意该观点,本网不承担稿件侵权行为的连带责任;
3、如本网转载稿涉及版权等问题,请作者见稿后在两周内速来电与智思教育联系,电话:021-64325600。

内容推荐

学员成绩提升率100%,满意度99%
全国校区
params['xiaoqu'])['address']?>
咨询热线:021-64325600
课程咨询
北美标化提分站
咨询热线:021-64325600