智思教育

雅思阅读真题+题目+答案:stress of workplace

来源:原创作品 | 2019-11-13103

雅思阅读真题+题目+答案:stressofworkplaceAHowbusyistoobusy?Forsomeitmeanshavingtomisstheoccasionallonglunch;forothersitmeansmissinglunchaltogether.Forafew,itisnotbeingabletotakea"s...

雅思阅读真题+题目+答案:stress of workplace

A

How busy is too busy? For some it means having to miss the occasional long lunch; for others it means missing lunch altogether. For a few, it is not being able to take a "sickie" (病假)once a month. Then there is a group of people for whom working every evening and weekend is normal, and frantic is the tempo of their lives. For most senior executives, workloads swing between extremely busy and frenzied. The vice-president of the management consultancy AT Kearney and Its head of telecommunications for the Asia-Pacific region, Neil Plumridge, says his work weeks vary from a "manageable" 45 hours to 80 hours, but average 60 hours.

B

Three warning signs alert Plumridge about his workload: sleep, scheduling and family. He knows he has too much on when he gets less than six hours of sleep for three consecutive nights; when he is constantly having to reschedule appointments; "and the third one is on the family side", says Plumridge, the father of a three-year-old daughter, and expecting a second child in October. "If I happen to miss a birthday or anniversary, I know things are out of control." Being "too busy" is highly subjective. But for any individual, the perception of being too busy over a prolonged period can start showing up as stress: disturbed sleep, and declining mental and physical health. National workers compensation figures show stress causes the most lost time of any workplace injury. Employees suffering stress are off work an average of 16.6 weeks. The effects of stress are also expensive. Comcare, the Federal Government insurer, reports that In 2003-04, claims for psychological injury accounted for 7% of claims but almost 27% of claim costs. Experts say the key to dealing with stress is not to focus on relief-a game of golf or a massage-but to reassess workloads. Neil Plumridge says he makes it a priority to work out what has to change; that might mean allocating extra resources to a job, allowing more time or changing expectations. The decision may take several days. He also relies on the advice of colleagues, saying his peers coach each other with business problems. "Just a fresh pair of eyes over an issue can help," he says.

C

Executive stress is not confined to big organisations. Vanessa Stoykov has been running her own advert函 ng and public relations business for seven years, specialising in work for financial and professional services firms. Evolution Media has grown so fast that it debuted on the BRW Fast 100 list of fastest-growing small enterprises last year-just after Stoykov had her first child. Stoykov thrives on the mental stimulation of running her own business. "Like everyone, I have the occasional day when I think my head's going to blow off," she says. Because of the growth phase the business is in, Stoykov has to concentrate on short-term stress relief-weekends in the mountains, the occasional "mental health" day-rather than delegating more work. She says: "We're hiring more people, but you need to train them, teach them about the culture and the clients, so it's actually more work rather than less."

D

Identify the causes: Jan Elsnera, Melbourne psychologist who specialises in executive coaching, says thriving on a demanding workload is typical of senior executives and other high-potential business people. She says there is no one-size-fits-all approach to stress: some people work best with high-adrenalin periods followed by quieter patches, while others thrive under sustained pressure. "We could take urine and blood hormonal measures and pass a judgement of whether someone's physiologically stressed or not," she says. "But that's not going to give us an indicator of what their experience of stress is, and what the emotional and cognitive impacts of stress are going to be."

E

Eisner's practice is informed by a movement known as positive psychology, a school of thought that argues "positive" experiences-feeling engaged, challenged, and that one is making a contribution to something meaningful-do not balance out negative ones such as stress; instead, they help people increase their resilience over time. Good stress, or positive experiences of being challenged and rewarded, is thus cumulative in the same way as bad stress. Elsner says many of the senior business people she coaches are relying more on regulating bad stress through methods such as meditation and yoga. She points to research showing that meditation can alter the biochemistry of the brain and actually help people "retrain" the way their brains and bodies react to stress. "Meditation and yoga enable you to shift the way that your brain reacts, so if you get proficient at it you're in control."

F

The Australian vice-president of AT Kearney, Neil Plumridge, says: "Often stress is caused by our setting unrealistic expectations of ourselves. I'll promise a client I'll do something tomorrow, and then [promise] another client the same thing, when I really know it's not going to happen. I've put stress on myself when I could have said to the clients:'Why don't I give that to you in 48 hours?'The client doesn't care." Overcommitting is something people experience as an individual problem. We explain it as the result of procrastination or Parkinson's law: that work expands to fill the time available. New research indicates that people may be hard-wired to do it.

G

A study in the February issue of the Journal of Experimental Psychology shows that people always believe they will be less busy in the future than now. This is a misapprehension, according to the authors of the report, Professor Gal Zauberman, of the University of North Carolina, and Professor John Lynch, of Duke University. "On average, an individual will be just as busy two weeks or a month from now as he or she is today. But that is not how it appears to be in everyday life," they wrote. "People often make commitments long in advance that they would never make if the same commitments required immediate action. That is, they discount future time investments relatively steeply." Why do we perceive a greater "surplus" of time in the future than in the present? The researchers suggest that people underestimate completion times for tasks stretching into the future, and that they are bad at imagining future competition for their time.


雅思阅读真题题目:

Questions 14-18

Use the information in the passage to match the people (listed A-D)with opinions or deeds below. Write the appropriate letters A-D in boxes 14- 18 on your answer sheet

NB you may use any letter more than once


A. Jan Elsnera

B. Vanessa Stoykov

C. Gal Zauberman

D. Neil Plumridge

14. Work stress usually happens in the high level of a business.

15. More people's ideas involved would be beneficial for stress relief

16. Temporary holiday sometimes doesn't mean less work.

17. Stress leads to a wrong direction when trying to satisfy customers.

18. It is not correct that stress in the future will be eased more than now


Questions 19-21

Choose the correct letter, A, B. C or D

Write your answers in boxes 19-21 on your answer sheet.

19.Which of the following workplace stress is NOT mentioned according to Plum ridge in the following options?

A. Not enough time spend on family

B. Unable to concentrate on work

C. Inadequate time of sleep

D. Alteration of appointment

20.Which of the following solution is NOT mentioned in helping reduce the work pressure according to Plumridge?

A. Allocate more personnel

B. Increase more time

C. Lower expectation

D. Do sports and massage

21.What is point of view of Jan Elsnera towards work stress?

A. Medical test can only reveal part of the data needed to cope with stress

B. Index some body samples will be abnormal in a stressful experience

C. Emotional and cognitive affection is superior to physical one

D. One well designed solution can release all stress


Questions 22-27

Summary

Complete the following summary of the paragraphs of Reading Passage, using no more than two words from the Reading Passage for each answer.

Write your answers in boxes 22-27 on your answer sheet.

Statistics from National worker's compensation indicate stress plays the

most important role in 22 which case the time losses. Staffs take about 23 for absence from work caused by stress. Not just time is our main con-cern but great expenses generated consequently. An official insure wrote sometime that about 24 of all claims were mental issues whereas nearly 27% costs in all claims. Sports such as 25 , as well as 26 could be a treatment to release stress; However, specialists recommended another practical way out, analyse 27 once again.



雅思阅读真题+题目+答案:Bird migration

雅思阅读真题+题目+答案:Communication in science

雅思阅读真题+题目+答案:Facial expression

雅思阅读真题+题目+答案:Storytelling

如果你想要知道本篇的雅思阅读真题答案,请扫描下方二维码领取


天道智思开设一下雅思培训班,具体详情,请咨询了解

天道智思,高分不断,快来收获你的高分吧


版权及免责声明
1、如转载本网原创文章,请表明出处;
2、本网转载媒体稿件旨在传播更多有益信息,并不代表同意该观点,本网不承担稿件侵权行为的连带责任;
3、如本网转载稿涉及版权等问题,请作者见稿后在两周内速来电与智思教育联系,电话:021-64325600。

内容推荐

学员成绩提升率100%,满意度99%
全国校区
params['xiaoqu'])['address']?>
咨询热线:021-64325600
课程咨询
北美标化提分站
咨询热线:021-64325600