雅思阅读真题+题目+答案：Robert Louis Stevenson
The writer of some of the best known stories in the English language. include Treasure Island and the strange case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
It is more than 100 years since the death of the Scotland writer Robert Louis Stevenson on the South Pacific island of Samoa. And it seems that time has not been kind to Stevenson's memory. Immediately after his death, his family and friends set to work to fashion the legend of Robert Louis Stevenson, or R.I.S as he became known - one of the few writers familiar from his initials alone. Subsequent works of biography then turned him in to a writer of almost religious importance. One example was history critic Balfour, who in 1901 portrayed Stevenson's family as ministering angels to the dying genius during his final illness. Similarly, the biographer Crouch absurdly overstated Stevenson's significance by placing in the same company as those most revered natures in English literature Shakespeare and Keats. The reaction to this nonsense was a number of highly critical assessments of Stevenson's legacy in the 1920s.
Normally, the critical pendulum can be relies on to swing back again, but there are several aspects of Stevenson's work that have, until recently acted against a more balanced appraisal. First is the allegation that Stevenson was a mere master of linguistic fireworks who lacked moral depth. Some critics accused him of being a literacy charlatan of juggling words very prettily to strike effects which overawed an ignorant public, and served to distract from the inadequacy of his ideas.
Then there has been a prejudice against the adventure story as the proper medium for deep moral seriousness, a prejudice which is still extremely influential today. It seems that we can accept that an adventure film can successfully express profound moral truths, but we reject the same idea for a book. The absurdity of this becomes apparent when we think of writers like Joseph Contrad and Graham Greene, but it is no use pretending that this bias against adventure stories is not part of our high culture. A further problem is that Stevenson has often not found favour in the land of his birth because his conservatism so often collides with the strong radical tradition in Scotland. His many escapist stories and preference for living abroad have led to accusations that he camouflaged Scotland's real problems. Lastly, the high adventure of Stevenson's own lifestyle has sometimes obscured his output. His globe-trotting, and above all the final phase of his life in Samoa, tended to make his own life a greater story than any he could devise. This was precisely what his friends feared would happen towards the end of his short life: his art might be overwhelmed by the drama of life in Samoa.
One consequence of this has been that Stevenson's influence on other writers has too often been neglected. The writer and poet Oscar Wilde was deeply influenced by Stevenson, even though he declared that Stevenson would have produced better work if he had lived in London rather than Samoa. Stevenson tends to stick in the throat even of those writers who would like to spit him out, such as Shaw, who claimed to have learned from him that the romantic hero is always mocked by reality. Likewise, the writer Gatsworthy, who being a determined critic, later changed his mind and said that the superiority of Stevenson over the novelist Hardy was that St6evenson was all life and Hardy, all death. The influence on the novelist Chesterton would also repay detailed study, for it was through him that Stevenson has managed to cross the ages emerging as an influence on the modernist movement and our own contemporary Latin American school of magical realism.
When making an assessment of his life and work, one question must inevitably be asked: was Robert Louis Stevenson Scotland's greatest writer of English prose? For most commentators this honour falls to Sir Walter Scott, author of Ivanhoe among many other classic novels, and it is true that in terms of craftsmanship, precision and the ability to minutely regulate language to create the desired effect. Scott takes the prize. However, this is not the same thing at all as inherent talent: by way of comparison one may take the example of the two great Russian composers Shostakovich and Prokofiev, of whom the former had learned more precise skills of execution but the latter's intrinsic genius was greater, and so it seems to be with Scott and Stevenson. Admittedly, Scott's detailed style does permit his stories to explore levels of tragedy that are beyond Stevenson's reach, but in this regard they have the musty smell of the museum, somehow artificial and removed from modern day reality. On the other hand, Stevenson's skill with plotting and narrative give his books a timeless quality, so that they still live today. And Stevenson was also the shrewder judge of behaviour and psychology. For example, his compelling description of a man with a split personality in the Stranger cave of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde have proved so accessible and accurate that the expression'Jekyll and Hyde' has entered common English usage. Even if we do not see a revival of critical interest in this great Scottish writer, it is to be hoped that readers go back to Robert Louis Stevenson's magnificent stories and reassess the neglected genius.
Choose the correct letter, A, B, C, or D
Write your answers in boxes 27-31 on your answer sheet.
27. In the opinion of the writer, the biographers Balfour and Crouch
A. Understated the role played by Stevenson's family
B. Misunderstood Stevenson's religious belief
C. Overestimated other writer influence on Stevenson
D. Elevated Stevenson above his true status as a writer
28. What is the writer's main point about Stevenson in the Second paragraph
A. the public judges him more fairly than the critics
B. recent criticism of him has been justified
C. critics argued that his style covered up his faults
D. the ethical nature of his stories was often criticized
29. According to the writer, the adventure story
A. is more appropriate for books than film
B. can be used by writers to tell moral stories
C. is more fashionable today than in the past
D. has been used by other writers but not Stevenson
30. What point does the writer make about Stevenson and Scotland
A. His ideas contrasted with those of many Scots
B. His demonstrated great sympathy for Scotland's problems
C. He was not considered a true Scot as he was not born there
D. His unflattering stories about Scotland angered many Scot
31. According to the writer, Stevenson's own lifestyle
A. was envied by his friends
B. was responsible for his early death
C. attracted more attrition than his books
D. did not prepare his for living in Samoa
Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 3? In boxes 32-36 on your answer sheet, write
YES if the statement agrees with what is stated in the passage
NO If the statement counters what is stated in the passage
NOT GIVEN if the information is not given in the passage
32. Oscar wilder believed Robert can write better novel
33. Robert asked Shaw to keep writing
34. Robert's influence on other writers can be controversial
35. Galsworthy think Robert's work is better than writer Hardy
36. In this paper, the author is critical for Robert Louis Stevenson
Questions 37-40) summarize
Choose Ifie correct letter, A, B. C or D.
Write your answers in boxes 38-40 on your answer sheet Table filling Blank.