2019年4月25日雅思写作题目：Young people living in rural areas have to study or work in big cities away from their homes. What are the reasons? Do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?
Nowadays a growing number of young people are leaving rural areas in order tobecome successful economically or academically in urban areas.
It is a well-known fact that rural areas lack economic and academic opportunities compared with urban areas. Usually, a variety of serious issues confront young people in villages such as the high unemployment rate and low educational level. So, it is only logical that young people are being pushed away from rural areas and being pulled to urban areas in search of better-paid jobs or better-managed schools. In this push-and-pull situation, many families might encourage their young relatives to move to cities for work or study because there are not many economic or academic opportunities available in the rural areas.
This one-way traffic of human resources may have crucial effects on both rural and urban areas. To begin with, it may result in the imbalance of population between the already intensely populated urban areas and the rural areas that young people leave behind. While the cities get increasingly over-crowded, villages will suffer from the shortage of manpower. Another possible downside of this rural-urban mobility is that, without proper training, the young rural people moving into cities may not be able to find a job, which, then, will bring about a series of social problems. It is self-evident that, however, the migration of young people from the countryside to cities will provide sufficient human resources necessary for the urban development.
To sum up, looking for greater academic and professional opportunities is the major cause of the rural exodus. Whether this will lead to positive or negative effects, we still have to wait and see.
A few decades ago, there were hardly few families who left the rural areas in search of jobs under other country's governance. However, in today's world, the migrations from rural areas to cities has increased enormously and most of the migrants are youngsters. A variety of reasons causes the youngsters to attract towards cities but as far as I believe, migration might be good but, I foresee a lot of disadvantages over advantages. I will illustrate in the essay.
With the present environmental conditions, the incessant drought in some rural areas has made no space for the people to make living leading the people to leave the place. They migrate to cities in search of jobs to make their living. Another conspicuous reason is youngsters now tending to pursue higher studies and can be only found in the cities. Henceforth they leave their birthplace and make their way to cities. They usually found good education and high-income jobs and gradually hesitate to reenter rural areas. Some people return to the home place and try to improve their occupation with the achieved knowledge from studies. The probability of settling a person after he got into the city's culture and more money is negligible.
However, whatever the reason may be; I personally believe that the advantages of this migrations do not overweigh disadvantages. As a result of migration, the traditional culture of the rural or villages will be ravaged and in turn might get into the danger of extinction. Moreover, villages or rural places will be facing a scarcity of labor for example farmer and cultivation immensely drops down. This leads the country's development like India to a halt and demand for the food increases. In addition, if the population within the city increases, it increases the pollution and will be a hub for health hazards.
In conclusion, I would opine that migration will rule out advantages with its numerous disadvantages.