2019年6月22日雅思写作题目：As countries develop, more and more people buy and use their own cars. Do advantages of this trend for individuals outweigh the disadvantages for the environment?
Just 50 years ago, to own a car was quite a luxury, but today, cars have found their way into many households. Statistics show in China alone, there are over 140 million cars running on road every day. While cars have brought about conveniences to their users, they have imposed great pressure on the environment.
Modern city life has made the car an indispensable means of transport. Though most cities today have fairly advanced transportation systems like the bus and metro, they tend to be extremely crowded, especially in rush hours. This means people might come to their office late or miss some important appointments. If they drive their own car, however, these problems may well be avoided. At the same time, when people plan to take their family for a trip out of town, they may also enjoy the flexibility of when to start off and when to return, rather than spending time waiting for the bus to arrive.
However, the increased use of cars has caused serious consequences for our environment. Many experts, for instance, attribute the worsening air quality in big cities to the cars’ exhaust gas emission and the dust that rises after them. This accusation is perhaps well-grounded if we make a little comparison between the air quality 50 years ago and that now. In addition, cars also make unbearable noises, which is a headache to all city dwellers. Just imagine a time you are shocked awake from your cozy dream by the sharp braking screech of a car passing by your house!
In my view, it is unrealistic for the government to put a ban on the car ownership or use since the cars have been so important in our daily life, yet we cannot ignore the negative effects they have on the environment. To get out of this dilemma, to my mind, there are two options, the first being to develop car technology and produce cars that burn less fuel and the second, encourage the car owners to use public transportation whenever possible.
There are more and more cars on the streets, and I think the disadvantages of this trend for environment outweigh its advantages for individuals.
People nowadays cannot live without cars. The first advantage is that cars are fast. In the past, people did not have cars. They used animals for journey or traveling. Using of animals had some limitation. If we wanted to go to another city, riding an animal could take days. Secondly, cars are very comfortable. We can use air condition for having fresh air. Cars are made in many sizes and for many purposes. We have sport cars, minivans, SUVs and so on. All of these types have significant role in human life. In a nutshell, cars bring convenience to people’s lives.
Nevertheless, the damage cars do to the environment outweighs the convenience they bring. Vehicle emissions can affect the environment in several ways. Cars emit greenhouse gasses, such as carbon dioxide, which contribute to global warming. Some air pollutants and particulate matter from cars can be deposited on soil and surface waters where they enter the food chain; these substances can affect the reproductive, respiratory, immune and neurological systems of animals. Nitrogen oxides and sulfur oxides are major contributors to acid rain, which changes the pH of waterways and soils and can harm the organisms that rely on these resources.
In conclusion, the disadvantages of people’s using of cars clearly outweigh its advantages in terms of the environment we all live in.