2019年12月14日雅思大作文写作题目：Today people in many countries live in a throw-away society where they use things for a short period of time and throw them away. What are the causes and what problems does the phenomenon lead to? (2019/12/14)
本周考的是一个环境类的老题目。我们现在的社会是一个浪费型的社会(a throw-away society)，随处可见被扔弃不用的东西。本题要求分析这个现象产生的原因及其导致的问题。就原因而言，大家可能想到的生活水平提高了，物质太丰富了，这是老雅经常谈到的物质层面上的原因。如果我们再往下想一想，可能就想到，我们扔掉旧东西，可能还有一个心理原因，即因为技术的发展，新产品不断出现，从而诱使我们使用新产品;除此之外，当然还有一个社会层面的原因，即消费社会鼓励大家扔弃旧东西，换新时尚。在这类分析原因类的考题中，大家都可以按照这三个层面去思考(或者写其中的两个层面)，就容易写得更有逻辑一些。
Ours is a throw-away society today where people tend to discard everything that is not new though repairable, while only a few decades ago, people would keep things and use them as long as possible until they were completely beyond repair.
There are mainly two reasons for people’s change of mind towards old things. At the most basic level, people today are financially better off than before. If they had to use and re-use the old things in the past, now they can afford to get rid of them and buy new ones. For example, it was very common that a TV set was kept for more than ten years, but now the time has been shortened to three years averagely.
Another important reason is that people may be forced to throw away old things and turn to new ones. Now new technologies are developing at a much faster speed than ever before, the consequence of which is that a product is quick to be replaced by its newer and better versions, and then the users have to buy them in order to enjoy their new features. As this goes on, more and more people will be drawn to the newest products, even if not for their new features, but as a fashionable habit.
Throwing away breeds over-consumption, which in turn will cause many problems for us, the most serious one of which is the pressure it imposes on the Earth’s natural resources. The more old things people throw away, the more new products need to be produced. This will definitely put our natural resources at risk. Another problem that a throw-away society has to deal with is the environmental pollution. As old things like furniture, washing machines, TV sets, and even cars are piling up, we have every reason to believe that they will make our neighborhood a less desirable place to live in.