The world of work is changing rapidly and people cannot depend on the same job or same condition of work for life. Discuss the possible causes for this rapid change and give your suggestions on how people should prepare for work in the future?
Modern citizens have to confront lots of changes and challenges in both work and life. In particular, most people today can hardly rely on one skill to ensure job security, due to various reasons.
To begin with, the constant advancement of science and technology has brought changes and even reforms in job market. Inevitably, thanks to the rapid improvement of science and technology, it is an irreversible trend that more jobs today will be replaced by powerful and potent machines and tools. For instance, the wide application of artificial intelligence has led to job cut in many industries, like banking and accounting. Therefore, many employees are laid off and forced to find a different job.
Second, there is fierce competition in job market. In modern society, most professions require people to continuously update knowledge and enhance skills. People failing to do so will soon be outcompeted. They either have no chance of promotion, or even worse, have to face the termination of contracts. Their positions would be replaced by more competitive peers or young employees asking for lower salaries.
Facing such insecure job market, people should better prepare themselves for challenges. It is of great significance for people to keep learning, so as to keep competitive. In addition, while striving for a career, people ought to be prudent and choose the one that requires creative and critical thinking. Then, it is less risky for them to be replaced by technology or be outperformed by competitors.
To conclude it, it is both the advancement of science and technology as well as the fierce competition that make it impossible for people to depend on one job for a whole life.
Apprenticeship, a once prevailing long-team and fixed labour relationship between employers and employees in most old-time work mills prior to the dawn of the Industrial Revolution, has lost its popularity among the young generation in the contemporary world. Where switching jobs now and then is extremely common.
The ongoing technological progress in modem transportation and telecommunication is the major external factor contributing to this phenomenon. The wide application of airplanes, light trains and coaches, for example, makes the days when people were stuck in their hometown and engaged in similar work for a whole life become history. Likewise, long-distance communication technology, such as emails and video conferences, free working persons from a fixed workplace. Since neither the working location nor the career is confined within limited proximity, whenever prosperous opportunities emerge, applying for a job in another city or country is a feasible option now.
In terms of the internal stimulus to this trend, the desire for better positions is gradually altering people's attitudes towards job stability and even loyalty to their current employers. Long service for a return of a stable income, for instance, is less like to be the top priority when the basic physiological needs, like food and accommodation, are satisfied by the growing productivity. Instead, many young professionals' occupational emphasis is shifting towards various forms of job satisfaction, ranging from tangible ones, such as a comfortable work environment, to intangible ones, like job enrichment and responsibilities, with an aim to realize their self-esteem with recognized achievements. All of these are catalysts to tempt job holders to keep an eye on the availability of more rewarding chances in the labour market to fulfill their ambition in material and spiritual lives.
As a human resource expert with over-l5-year substantial global relevant experience, I am convinced that exceptional flexibility, strong adaptation, and cross-field versatility are the three key elements favored by most international corporations to their decision on choosing competent candidates. In order to achieve that, the young generation should firstly shape an awareness of constant learning. Charging rapidly with countless uncertainties and fierce competitions, the present labour requirements are too dynamic for anyone to predict Having a will to study and upgrade continuously, thus, could be an effective way for individuals to fit into new positions with standard performance in accordance with the job responsibilities. In addition, having a good command of a wide range of general knowledge plays a crucial role in people's career development Cross-industry understanding, for example, could be a foundation to a person's quick response to any unexpected crises or new tasks arising at work, while the expansion and maintenance of positive interpersonal relationship with colleagues, supervisors, and clients might be inextricably linked to one's broad cognition of the world.
All in all, the new generation is doomed to face more challenges throughout their dynamic career path. Hence, to be ready for all possibilities in the business world is the rudimental principle that everyone ought to bear in mind.