智思教育

雅思写作的背景知识,是时候开始准备了!

来源:原创作品 | 2019-08-13186

在雅思写作这一块儿,我常常感到考生们对于考题所涉及的背景知识的了解十分匮乏。比如今天我们将会谈到的“传统与现代”的话题,就涉及很多层面的背景知识。拿2015年12月19日的雅思考题来说,这...

雅思写作这一块儿,我常常感到考生们对于考题所涉及的背景知识的了解十分匮乏。比如今天我们将会谈到的“传统与现代”的话题,就涉及很多层面的背景知识。拿2015年12月19日的雅思考题来说,这道题是有关文化传统保护和旅游业发展之间关系的,如果深入思考,大家就会发现这道题对知识储备还是有一定的要求的。

真题来咯!

Some people think that cultural traditions will be destroyed as they are used as money-making attractions, while others think it is the only way to save them. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

我们先把这道题的题干翻译一下:有人认为如今传统文化已经成为了旅游业获取暴利的工具,并因此受到了破坏。其他人却认为这是保护文化和传统的唯一方式。请讨论这个问题并给出你的观点。

想象中的自己

初看这道题的时候,我们容易联想到一些具体的游客破坏传统古建筑的行为,比如在“在庙宇的石台阶上刻字”。也会想到一些,旅游开发对于文化传统保护的方式,比如“建立博物馆和展览馆”。

实际中的自己

在文章的整体构架上往往没有完整思路。不能把这些具体事件抽象化为某种观点来表达相应的立场和态度。

让我们通过一篇范文来进一步理解一下这个题目:

开头段

The thriving of tourism depends on the integrated force, among which cultural traditions are one of the selling points that has been hyped by many travel agencies and the relevant participants in the sector. Although it is argued by some advocates that cultural traditions can be well preserved by the money from tourism, I take it with a pinch of salt.

旅游业的繁荣依赖于综合力量,其中文化传统是许多旅行社和旅游业有关参与者宣传的卖点之一。尽管有人认为旅游收入可以很好地保护文化传统,但我对此持保留态度。

主体段一

One point that has to be made clear is that the diversity of cultural traditions will be undermined if they are utilized to cater for the fleeting need of travel industry. Only those cultural traditions which are popularly welcomed and accepted by the tourists will be given priority and be well preserved, and it means that the other counterparts bearing the same cultural value will be put aside to some extent and gradually sink into oblivion. In this way, the cultural traditions whose economic value are not so obvious are likely to be less focused on and only a fraction of cultural traditions can survive in the increasingly commercialized society.

必须明确指出的一点是,如果利用文化传统的多样性来满足旅游业的短暂需要,就会破坏文化传统的多样性。只有那些受到旅游者普遍欢迎和接受的文化传统会得到优先考虑和保护,这意味着具有相同文化价值的其他文化传统将在一定程度上被搁置一边,逐渐被遗忘。这样,那些经济价值不那么明显的文化传统就有可能被忽视,只有一小部分文化传统能够在日益商业化的社会中生存下来。

主体段二

Another point worth mentioning is that the original flavor of cultural tradition will be distorted. Once the cultural traditions are mingled with business, they are packed into more a product than a pristine culture. To make the cultural traditions more appealing and eye-catching to customers, some information which has nothing to do with the tradition will be faked to add more glory and grandeur and the original taste of the culture will fade away.

另一点值得一提的是,原有的文化传统的内涵会被扭曲。一旦文化传统与商业融合在一起,它们就会被打包成一种产品,而不是一种原始文化。为了使文化传统对消费者更有吸引力和吸引眼球,一些与传统无关的信息会被伪造,增加更多的花里胡哨的内容,文化的原始品味会消失。

主体段三

It is true, of course, the money from tourists’ pocket can provide the financial guarantee and support for the cultural traditions. More advertising can be placed on mass media to proliferate the cultural traditions, and the restoration and preservation of cultural traditions can be better ensured if there are more funding being poured into.

诚然,游客口袋里的钱可以为文化传统提供经济保障和支持。可以在大众传播媒介上投放更多的广告,使文化传统得到传播,如果投入更多的资金,就可以更好地确保文化传统的恢复和保存。 结尾段

To sum up, the essence of cultural traditions are somewhat irreconcilable with commercialization and cultural traditions should be more conserved instead of be tagged with price.

综上所述,文化传统的本质与商业化是有些不可调和的,文化传统应该更加保守,而不是被贴上价格的标签。

你需要来点干货了:

事实上雅思涉及传统文化的保护的题目有很多,比如传统节日的传承,古建筑的保护,濒危语言的保护,传统服饰的审美延续等问题。对于这篇文章所涉及的文化传统与全球化,商业化,现代性等问题的关系,我们根据找到的材料,列举一下旅游的优点和缺点:

The Advantages and Disadvantages of Tourism Advantages

优点

(1)

It brings in money. This is probably the main advantage of tourism and the reason why it has been promoted so much in recent years in developing countries especially. Whether in developing or developed countries, the income generated can make up a significant proportion of the national income.

它能带来钱。这可能是旅游业的主要优势,也是近年来旅游业在发展中国家得到大力推广的原因。无论在发展中国家还是发达国家,所产生的收入都可以占国民收入的很大比例。

(2)

It provides jobs for the locals. Hotels, bars, transport, shops, and restaurants all need staffing . Tourism can provide much-needed employment for people. It raises the profile of the place generally. Tourism gives the locality a chance to show itself off and raise its profile in the world.

它为当地人提供了工作。酒店、酒吧、交通、商店和餐馆都需要人手。旅游业可以为人们提供急需的就业机会。它提高了这个地方的整体形象。旅游业给了当地一个展示自己的机会,并提高其在世界上的形象。

(3)

It can provide an incentive for investment in infrastructure such as roads and rail networks, as well as funding local medical and education facilities.

它可以刺激对公路和铁路网等基础设施的投资,以及为当地医疗和教育设施提供资金。

(4)

It can provide economic incentives for a place to preserve, regenerate , and provide upkeep in their urban and wild life areas.

它可以为保护、再次产生和维护城市和野生动物区域提供经济激励。

(5)

Visitors promote international links, which can provide more business and cultural connections in the medium to long term.

游客促进国际联系,这可以提供更多的中长期商业和文化联系。 Disadvantages

缺点

(1)

Tourism can often cause environmental damage with things like pollution and forest fires.Even if tourists behave responsibly, the sheer number of them can cause problems.Things like ancient buildings, monuments, and temples often struggle to cope with the vast amounts of tourist traffic and they suffer wear and tear or damage.

旅游业经常会造成环境破坏,比如污染和森林火灾。即使游客的行为是负责任的,他们的绝对数量也会造成问题。像古建筑、纪念碑和寺庙这样的建筑往往难以应付巨大的客流,而且它们往往遭受磨损或破坏。

(2)

The commercialization of culture can undermine the soul of a tourist destination. Local traditions that have a rich cultural heritage are reduced to wearing costumes and putting on acts for the tourists in return for money.

文化商业化会破坏旅游目的地的灵魂。当地有丰富的文化遗产的传统被简化为穿着戏服,为游客表演以换取金钱。

(3)

Tourists can often lack respect for local traditions and culture, not following local dress standards, getting drunk in public, or behaving rudely or inappropriately towards locals.

游客往往缺乏对当地传统文化的尊重,不遵守当地的着装标准,在公共场合醉酒,对当地人举止粗鲁或不得体。

(4)

Although often jobs are created by tourism, most are relatively low level, such as bar work, hotel service, restaurant serving, and so forth. They also have little prospect for promotion.

虽然旅游业经常创造就业机会,但大多数都是相对较低水平的工作,如酒吧工作、酒店服务,餐厅服务等等。他们晋升的希望也很小。

(5)

Tourism jobs are quite commonly seasonal and insecure with no extra benefits,such as pensions , sick pay, or health care. Some areas can be inundated with visitors during busy times, and then virtually deserted for many months.

旅游业的工作通常是季节性的,没有额外的福利,如养老金、病假工资或医疗保险,没有保障。一些地区在繁忙的时候会被游客淹没,然后几个月几乎无人问津。

(6)

Money can end up being directed to tourist areas when it could be used more effectively elsewhere in a country. The locals who don't live in specific tourist areas miss out and suffer relative decline.

本可以在其他地方被高效利用的钱,现在直接汇入了旅游区。不居住在特定旅游区的当地人错过了机会,并遭受了相对的衰退。

(7)

Often times, most of the tourism industry (travel companies and hotels, for one) in a developing country is actually owned by big foreign companies. They make the major profits, leaving local businesses with relatively little benefit.

很多时候,发展中国家的旅游业(例如旅游公司和酒店)实际上都是由大型外国公司拥有的。他们创造了巨大的利润,使得当地企业几乎没有什么好处。

(8)

There is often an imbalance, where it becomes so successful that other forms of income generation are neglected and an economic dependence on tourism forms. This is fine in good times, but it can leave the country vulnerable to economic ruin. This can lead to political upheaval, terrorist attacks, or natural disasters, and tourism consequently dips or dries up altogether.

旅游业的振兴存在着一种不平衡。由于旅游业发展得如此成功,以至于人们忽视了其他形式的收入创造,经济上依赖于旅游形式。在经济繁荣时期,这是好事,但它会让这个国家容易遭受经济崩溃。这可能会导致政治动荡、恐怖袭击或自然灾害,而旅游业因此会完全衰退或枯竭。

在雅思写作备考过程中,与题目相关的背景知识储备非常关键。对这些问题的思考,可能关系到词汇和语汇储备的问题。但不应仅仅停留在语言的积累层面。 要让观点和语言获得很好的结合,才是雅思写作的高分秘诀哦!


另外,智思教育还为大家奉上了近期的雅思预测,烤鸭可点击查看:

2019年8月17日雅思阅读预测机经,小范围精准预测!

2019年8月17日雅思听力预测机经-section1

2019年8月17日雅思听力预测机经-section2

2019年8月17日雅思听力预测机经-section3

2019年8月17日雅思听力预测机经--section4

2019年8月17日雅思写作大作文预测


版权及免责声明
1、如转载本网原创文章,请表明出处;
2、本网转载媒体稿件旨在传播更多有益信息,并不代表同意该观点,本网不承担稿件侵权行为的连带责任;
3、如本网转载稿涉及版权等问题,请作者见稿后在两周内速来电与智思教育联系,电话:021-64325600。

内容推荐

学员成绩提升率100%,满意度99%
全国校区
params['xiaoqu'])['address']?>
咨询热线:021-64325600
课程咨询
北美标化提分站
咨询热线:021-64325600