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如何正确理解GRE阅读中“我怀疑”&“我质疑”的本质区别?

来源:原创作品 | 2020-03-08115

弄清词义是读懂文章的基础。在GRE阅读预测中,考生们经常会在文章里看到doubt和suspect这两个词。那么这两个词的意思一样么?首先,我们来看一下它们在小编不推荐使用的有道词典中的翻译:在有道...

弄清词义是读懂文章的基础。在GRE阅读预测中,考生们经常会在文章里看到doubt和suspect这两个词。那么这两个词的意思一样么?首先,我们来看一下它们在小编不推荐使用的有道词典中的翻译:



在有道词典的中文翻译中,两者都可以表示“怀疑”。但doubt其实翻译为“质疑”更为妥帖。显然,在中文里,“怀疑”与“质疑”的概念是不同的。例如:

1.广大网友们怀疑特朗普将会赢得2020年大选。

2.广大网友们质疑特朗普将会赢得2020年大选。

在第一个例句中,广大网友们是相信特朗普会获胜这一说法的;而第二个例句中的广大网友是不相信特朗普会获胜的。

与此类似,我们先来看“doubt”与“suspect”在韦氏字典及柯林斯词典中解释:

doubt:

to call into question the truth of … (韦氏)

If you doubt whether something is true or possible, you believe that it is probably not true or possible(柯林斯)

e.g.He doubts everyone’s word. 他不相信任何人的话。


suspect

regarded or deserving to be regarded with suspicion(韦氏)

You use suspect when you are stating something that you believe is probably true, in order to make it sound less strong or direct. (柯林斯)

e.g.He suspected that the woman staying in the flat above was using heroin. 他怀疑住在楼上公寓里的女人在吸毒。


下面我们来分析“doubt”和“suspect”这两个词在GRE阅读中起到的不同作用:

Archaeologists studying Bonito phase (ca. A.D. 900-1140) Native American ceramics from Chaco Canyon, New Mexico, observed that many pots had beenaltered after firing to revise their decorative designs--usually,intricate geometric patterns painted in black on white slipped surfaces. In some cases, a new design was imposed over an earlier one; less often, the original design was simply covered with white slip. Crown and Wills doubt that the alterations were made to correct design errors. Many Chacopots with design errors were left unaltered. Furthermore, when errors were corrected, revisions were made prior to firing—either by painting directly over the error or by scraping off designs and applying new slip and paint, which is a less time-consuming method than repainting and refiring flawed pots.

—— GRE阅读预测240篇-PASSAGE34

在这篇文章中,Crownand Wills 不同意“ the alterations were made to correct design errors”。

Although some skeptics points to Arctic places such as the high latitudes of Greenland, where temperatures seem to have fallen, a recent scientific report concludes that in recent decades average temperatures have increased faster in the Arctic than else where.Scientists have long suspected that several factors lead to greater temperature swings at Earthspolar regions than elsewhere. First, most of the Arctic is covered in snow and ice, which are highly reflective; if snow and ice melt, the exposed soil, which absorbs heat, serves to accelerate warming.Second, the polar atmosphere is thin, so little energy is required to warm it. Third, less solar energy is lost in evaporation at the frigid poles than in the tropics.

—— GRE阅读预测240篇-PASSAGE06

Scientists 认为“several factors lead to greater temperature swings at Earths polar regions than elsewhere.”


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