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GRE阅读36套+翻译+答案解析+PDF下载-Exercise8

来源:原创作品 | 2019-07-30209

备考GRE的同学都知道,GRE阅读真题36套是一份不可多得的经典材料。网络上关于本资料的原文真题也很多,答案解析也很多,缺很少有关于GRE阅读36套真题翻译的。今天智思教育就结合真题翻译,给大...


备考GRE的同学都知道,GRE阅读真题36套是一份不可多得的经典材料。网络上关于本资料的原文真题也很多,答案解析也很多,缺很少有关于GRE阅读36套真题翻译的。今天智思教育就结合真题翻译,给大家重新整理了,以下是GRE阅读36套+翻译+答案解析-Exercise8!当然,我们也有关于GRE阅读36套真题及答案解析和真题翻译的PDF下载版本,需要的同学,请至文末获取百度网盘下载连接。


Heat pumps circulate a fluid refrigerant that cycles alternatively from its liquid phase to its vapor phase in a closed loop. The refrigerant, starting as a low- temperature, low-pressure vapor, enters a compressor driven by an electric motor. The refrigerant leaves the compressor as a hot, dense vapor and flows through a heat exchanger called the condenser, which transfers heat from the refrigerant to a body of air. Now the refrigerant, as a high-pressure, cooled liquid, confronts a flow restriction which causes the pressure to drop. As the pressure falls, the refrigerant expands and partially vaporizes, becoming chilled. It then passes through a second heat exchanger, the evaporator, which transfers heat from the air to the refrigerant, reducing the temperature of this second body of air.(126 words)

翻译:

热泵是使液体制冷剂在封闭的线路中从液态到气态循环的一种装置。制冷剂开始以低压蒸汽状态进入一个由电机驱动的压缩器中,制冷剂使压缩机里水变为压缩热水蒸汽,这种高压水蒸气经过一个冷凝器的装置,该装置是一个热量交换器,使热量在制冷剂和空气间转换。现在,制冷剂作为高压冷液体遇到了限流,限流导致压力下降。当压力下降,制冷剂膨胀,有一部分变为蒸汽,温度开始下降。然后,制冷剂进入下一次热量转换,即水蒸气将空气中的热量转到制冷剂中,使得这部分空气温度下降。


1. According to the passage, the role of the flow restriction in a heat pump is to

(A) measure accurately the flow rate of the refrigerant mass at that point

(B) compress and heat the refrigerant vapor

(C) bring about the evaporation and cooling of refrigerant

(D) exchange heat between the refrigerant and the air at that point

(E) reverse the direction of refrigerant flow when needed

正确答案:C

答案解析:定位到L10,气压降低---vaporize---chill,答案C.


Traditionally, the study of history has had fixed boundaries and focal points—periods, countries, dramatic events, and great leaders. It also has had clear and firm notions of scholarly procedure: how one inquires into a historical problem, how one presents and documents one‘s findings, what constitutes admissible and adequate proof. The recent popular psychohistory, committed to Freudian psychoanalysis, takes a radically different approach. This commitment precludes a commitment to history as historians have always understood it. Psychohistory derives its ―facts‖ not from history, the detailed records of events and their consequences, but from psychoanalysis of the individuals who made history, and deduces its theories not from this or that instance in their lives, but from a view of human nature that transcends history. It denies the basic criterion of historical evidence: that evidence be publicly accessible to, and therefore assessable by, all historians. Psychohistorians, convinced of the absolute rightness of their own theories, are also convinced that theirs is the ―deepest‖ explanation of any event that other explanations fall short of the truth.

翻译:

传统上,历史研究有固定的界限和关注点——历史时期、国家、具有重大意义的时间和伟大的领导者;它也有清楚明确的学术研究程序:怎样调查一个历史问题、怎样展示和记录历史发现、什么是合理充分的历史证据。最近流行的心理历史学,运用F(弗洛伊德)的心理分析方法,采取了截然不容的研究方法。这种方法摒弃了历史学家一直以来的理解的历史方法。心理历史学家所谓的“事实”不是来自历史,即历史事件和影响的详尽记载,而是来自那些塑造了历史的个人的心理分析。其理论不是从他们生平中这样和那样的事例演绎推导而来,而是从超越了历史的人性出发。它否认了历史证据的一个基本标准,即那些所有历史学家都可以公开获得并可以对其进行评估的证据。心理历史学家认为他们自己的理论绝对正确,并认为自己的理论是对于任何历史事件都能给予“最深刻”的解释,而其他解释均与真理相去甚远。


2. Which of the following best states the main point of the passage?

(A) The approach of psychohistorians to historical study is currently in vogue even though it lacks the rigor and verifiability of traditional historical method.

(B) Traditional historians can benefit from studying the techniques and findings of psychohis-torians.

(C) Areas of sociological study such as childhood and work are of little interest to traditional historians.

(D) The psychological assessment of an individual‘s behavior and attitudes is more informative than the details of his or her daily life.

(E) History is composed of unique and nonrepeating events that must be individually analyzed on the basis of publicly verifiable evidence.

正确答案:A

答案解析:关键词:psychohistorian & historical study;干掉CDE,B 选项本末倒置,选A;“It denies the basic criterion of historical evidence: that evidence be publicly accessible to, and therefore assessable by, all historians”证明对应了even though 的部分。


3. The author of the passage puts the word ―deepest‖ in quotation marks most probably in order to

(A) question the usefulness of psychohistorians‘ insights into traditional historical scholarship

(B) draw attention to a contradiction in the psychohistorians‘ method

(C) emphasize the major difference between the traditional historians‘ method and that of psychohistorians

(D) disassociate her opinion of the psychohistorians‘ claims from her opinion of their method

(E) signal her reservations about the accuracy of psychohistorians‘ claims for their work

正确答案:E

答案解析:我选C。仔细想想其实C 很荒谬,表示强调的方法很多,在英语里比较少见引号表强调,这句子里面是有特殊含义的,答案E。


Eight percent of the Earth‘s crust is aluminum, and there are hundreds of aluminum-bearing minerals and vast quantities of the rocks that contain them. The best aluminum ore is bauxite, defined as aggregates of aluminous minerals, more or less impure, in which aluminum is present as hydrated oxides. Bauxite is the richest of all those aluminous rocks that occur in large quantities, and it yields alumina, the intermediate product required for the production of aluminum. Alumina also occurs natu rally as the mineral corundum, but corundum is not found in large deposits of high purity, and therefore it is an impractical source for making aluminum. Most of the many abundant nonbauxite aluminous minerals are silicates, and, like all silicate minerals, they are refractory, resistant to analysis, and extremely difficult to process. The aluminum silicates are therefore generally unsuitable alternatives to bauxite because considerably more energy is required to extract alumina from them. (153 words)

翻译:

地壳的8%是铝元素,有大量矿物质和岩石都富含铝。最好的铝矿是B,其定义为铝矿物质的总称,或多或少都非纯铝,其中铝是以水氧化物的形式呈现的。B是所有铝岩石最丰富的,它产生A,一种生产铝产品必要的中间产品。A也可能出现在自然条件下的矿物质C中,但是没有发现高纯度C大量沉积,所以用C做原料生产铝是不切实际的。大多数富含NB铝的矿物质是S,想所有S矿物质一样,他们很顽固,很难分解和加工。S铝因此也不适合作为B的替代物而成为铝原材料因为从中提取铝需要耗费大量的能量。


4. The author implies that a mineral must either be or readily supply which of the following in order to be classified as an aluminum ore?

(A) An aggregate

(B) Bauxite

(C) Alumina

(D) Corundum

(E) An aluminum silicate

正确答案: C

答案解析:我第一次读题干的时候粗心了,题目里有imply,我居然还定位在―The best aluminum ore is bauxite‖;事实上,题干问的是―一种物质应该是什么或者应该容易提供什么,这种物质才能被定义为铝矿石?‖定位在―Bauxite is the richest of all those aluminous rocks that occur in large quantities, and it yields alumina, the intermediate product required for the production of aluminum‖ 也就是说,氧化铝是产生铝的必不可少的中间环节,imply 了mineral 想要炼铝,都要产生或者就是alumina;这一点在最后一句:―because considerably more energy is required to extract alumina from them‖ 中也有体现


For the following question, consider each of the choices separately and select all that apply

5. The passage supplies information for answering all of the following questions regarding aluminous minerals

□A Are aluminum-bearing nonbauxite minerals plentiful?

□B Do the aluminous minerals found in bauxite contain hydrated oxides?

□C Are aluminous hydrated oxides found in rocks?

正确答案:ABC

答案解析:细节定位:A. L2;B. L6;C. 同上;6. 定位L11,对前半句取非,得到答案C。


6. The author implies that corundum would be used to produce aluminum if

(A) corundum could be found that is not contaminated by silicates

(B) the production of alumina could be eliminated as an intermediate step in manufacturing aluminum

(C) many large deposits of very high quality corundum were to be discovered

(D) new technologies were to make it possible to convert corundum to a silicate

(E) manufacturers were to realize that the world‘s supply of bauxite is not unlimited

正确答案:C

答案解析:Except 题型:A. 这个我误选了,没有想清楚最后一句话“its profound understanding of class and gender as shaping influences on people‗s lives—owes much to that earlier literary heritage.”看主干,不要被修饰成分干扰,因为那不是作者想表达的主要意思。并且A 选项把这种前后的谁决定谁的因果关系弄反了。B. 定位到段中的数字;C. 定位到L9 “I do not mean that left-wing politics were the single most important influence on it.”


Tillie Olsen‘s fiction and essays have been widely and rightly acknowledged, particularly by contemporary feminists, as major contributions to American literature. Yet few of Olsen‘s readers realize the extent to which her vision and choice of subject are rooted in an earlier literary heritage—the tradition of radical political thought, mostly socialist and anarchist, of the 1910‘s and 1920‘s, and the Old Left tradition of the 1930‘s. I do not mean that one can adequately explain the eloquence of her work in terms of its political origins, or that left-wing politics were the single most important influence on it. My point is that its central consciousness—its profound understanding of class and gender as shaping influences on people‘s lives—owes much to that earlier literary heritage.(126 words)

翻译:

O的小说和文章被广泛和恰当地认可,特别是当代女权主义者,作为是对于美国文学的主要贡献。但是,O的读者中很少有人认识到她的视角和选材扎根于早期文学遗产——17

20世纪10和20年代主要是社会主义者和无政府主义者的激进政治思想传统, 以及20世纪30年代旧左派的传统——的程度。我不是说用政治起源就可以充分解释她作品的娓娓动人,或者唯有左翼政治对其作品产生最重要的影响。我想说的是,其作品核心意识——深刻理解了阶级和性别对人们生活的影响——很多要归功于早期的文学遗产。


For the following question, consider each of the choices separately and select all that apply

7. According to the author, which of the following is NOT true of the heritage mentioned in the passage?

□A It emphasizes gender as the determinate influence on people‘s lives.

□B It includes political traditions that span three decades of the twentieth century.

□C It has been the most important influence on Olsen‘s work.

正确答案:AC

答案解析:同上的一句话。


8. Select the sentence in which the author denies possible interpretations of an earlier assertion.

正确答案:I do not mean that

Our visual perception depends on the reception of energy reflecting or radiating from that which we wish to perceive. If our eyes could receive and measure infinitely delicate sense-data, we could perceive the world with infinite precision. The natural limits of our eyes have, of course, been extended by mechanical instruments; telescopes and microscopes, for example, expand our capabilities greatly. There is, however, an ultimate limit beyond which no instrument can take us; this limit is imposed by our inability to receive sense- data smaller than those conveyed by an individual quantum of energy.(97 words)

翻译:

我们视觉辨别取决于我们能量的接收,即我们希望看到的物体的反射或是放射能量。如果我们眼睛能够收到和测量无限精细感觉数据,我们就能无限精确地看世界。当然,我们自身眼睛天然局限已经被机械设备,比如望远镜和显微镜很大程度上扩展了认知的能力。但是,没有任何设备可以是我们克服最终局限。这种局限是由于我们无法接收到比单个量子传递的能量更小的感觉数据。


9. Which of the following describes a situation most analogous to the situation discussed in the last sentence?

(A) A mathematician can only solve problems the solution of which can be deduced from known axioms.

(B) An animal can respond to no command that is more complicated syntactically than any it has previously received.

(C) A viewer who has not learned, at least intuitively, the conventions of painting, cannot understand perspective in a drawing.

(D) A sensitized film will record no detail on a scale that is smaller than the grain of the film.

(E) A shadow cast on a screen by an opaque object will have a sharp edge only if the light source is small or very distant.

正确答案:D

答案解析:括号解释“Its subject”,“Its subject”用来进行区分,答案C。E 偷换了概念。


Of Homer‘s two epic poems, the Odyssey has always been more popular than the Iliad, perhaps because it includes more features of mythology that are accessible to readers. Its subject (to use Maynard Mack‘s categories) is ―life-as-spectacle,‖ for readers, diverted by its various incidents, observe its hero Odysseus primarily from without; the tragic Iliad, however, presents ―life-as- experience‖: readers are asked to identify with the mind of Achilles, whose motivations render him a not particularly likable hero. In addition, the Iliad, more than the Odyssey, suggests the complexity of the gods‘ involvement in human actions, and to the extent that modern readers find this complexity a needless complication, the Iliad is less satisfying than the Odyssey, with its simpler ‗scheme‘ of divine justice. Finally, since the Iliad presents a historically verifiable action, Troy‘s siege, the poem raises historical questions that are absent from the Odyssey’s blithely imaginative world.(148 words)

翻译:

两部荷马史诗中,《奥德赛》总是比《伊利亚特》更受欢迎,可能是因为前者含有更多读者知道的神话角色。《奥德赛》的题材(按照M的分类)是“人生作为外部景象”,对于读者来说,注意力被各种事件转移分散,主要通过外部来观看其主人公奥德修斯;而悲剧《伊利亚特》则呈现的是“人生作为体验”的题材,读者被要求与阿留斯心意一致,而阿留斯的动机使他变成一个十分让人喜爱的主人公。此外,《伊利亚特》比《奥德赛》更多地显示了神介入人的行为的复杂性,而这种复杂性对于现代读者来说认为没有必要,则《伊利亚特》就不及《奥德赛》那样,以其更为简单的神圣正义的体系而令人满意。最后,《伊利亚特》描写了特洛伊战争,提出了历史真实性问题,而《奥德赛》的快乐的虚幻世界中并不存在。


10. The author uses Mack‘s ―categories‖ (lines 4-5)most probably in order to

(A) argue that the Iliad should replace the Odyssey as the more popular poem

(B) indicate Mack‘s importance as a commentator on the Iliad and the Odyssey

(C) suggest one way in which the Iliad and the Odyssey can be distinguished

(D) point out some of the difficulties faced by readers of the Iliad and the Odyssey

(E) demonstrate that the Iliad and the Odyssey can best be distinguished by comparing their respective heroes

正确答案:C

答案解析:括号解释“Its subject”,“Its subject”用来进行区分,答案C。E 偷换了概念。


11. The passage is primarily concerned with

(A) distinguishing arguments

(B) applying classifications

(C) initiating a debate

(D) resolving a dispute

(E) developing a contrast

正确答案:E

答案解析:全文一直在做着伊利亚特和奥德赛之间的比较。


12. It can be inferred from the passage that a reader of the Iliad is likely to have trouble identifying with the poem‘s hero for which of the following reasons?

(A) The hero is eventually revealed to be unheroic.

(B) The hero can be observed by the reader only from without.

(C) The hero‘s psychology is not historically verifiable.

(D) The hero‘s emotions often do not seem appealing to the reader.

(E) The hero‘s emotions are not sufficiently various to engage the reader‘s attention.

正确答案:D

答案解析:定位L9“whose motivations render him a not particularly likable hero”;Not likable 不讨人喜欢,对应选项D。


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