### 2019年8月31日GRE考试真题回忆

GRE数学部分

p和n是lessthan 30的正整数，p为质数，n为非质奇数，n+p不可能是?

A. 48

B. 50

C. 52

D. 56

E. 44

(k+n)/2和kn/2的余数大小关系，k和n都是正偶数

a事件发生概率是0.45 问ab两个事件一起发生的最大概率是多少

1234-1233+1232-123这个数字除以122，余数是多少

10个正整数，和为101，没有一个数超过另一个数的两倍，问：这10个数里面最大的数是多少

A. 6

B. 7

C. 8

D. 9

E. 10

2^2012+3^2012+5^2012+7^2012的个位数是多少

1到100(inclusive)包含多少个数既不是3的倍数也不是7的倍数

the number of unique prime factors of 27和thenumber of unique prime factors of 12比大小

GRE填空部分

It is a paradox of the Victorians that they were both _____ and, through their empire, cosmopolitan.

A. capricious

B. insular

C. mercenary

D. idealistic

E. intransigent

The Labrador duck is one of the most _____ extinct birds: although there are a fair number of specimens, few have yielded reliable data and little is known about the species’ breeding patterns.

A. anomalous

B. controversial

C. enigmatic

D. misrepresented

E. cherished

In protoscientific (for example, in ancient Greece), claims about the physical world were often accepted as true if they were reasonable; experimental verification, if thought necessary at all, was _____.

A. utilitarian

B. perfunctory

C. egregious

D. empirical

E. inductive

The benefits offered by information technology do not (i)_____ the need for individual reasoning; for example, Internet user should not allow the reasoning process to be (ii)_____ the mere accumulation raw data.

A. disguiseD. preceded by

B. signalE. supplemented with

C. diminishF. supplanted by

Excessive focus on what might have been can cause in us feelings of restlessness and regret, but some scientists are beginning to think that fancying an alternative reality might have _____ effects as well.

A. subtle

C. restorative

D. pleasurable

E. unfavorable

F. tonic

It is possible for human to go 40 or more hours without sleep and still be able to (i)_____ information acquired at the beginning of the sleepless period. Thus, when we are considering a role for sleep in human memory consolidation, we are referring to a possible role in the (ii)_____ encoding of information and optimizing of recall, not a (iii)_____ of sleep for recalling events of the prior day.

A. legitimizeD. longer-termG. requirement

B. augmentE. acuteH. surplus

C. disgorgeF. qualitativeI. facet

Although the essayist’s arguments did not _____ her most perceptive readers, the extreme subtlety of the paints she made explains why she was misinterpreted by most critics of her day.

A. convince

B. confound

C. entertain

E. perplex

F. enlighten

Knowing how (i)_____ she was at work, her colleagues were surprised at her (ii)_____ throughout the dinner.

A. dependableD. timidity

B. diffidentE. assertiveness

C. diligentF. punctiliousness

Harper’s draw, while (i)_____ in the United States for years, has remained (ii)_____ in London, where the public greets virtually every work with unabashed enthusiasm.

A. in eclipse D. controversial

B. unrivaled E. unsurpassed

C. unchanged F. unexceptional

Reviews written by music critic and composer Stephenson were hardly (i)_____ : musicians who performed his music could count on sympathetic coverage, while those who ignored him were held to (ii)_____ standards.

A. disinterested D. exacting

B. lucid E. minimal

C. conventionalF. accepted

In science, replicability comes with the idea that the pursuit of scientific truth should not be _____: researchers who make claims must allow others to test them empirically.

A. incomplete

B. settled

C. private

D. unfinished

E. insular

F. unerring

By cosmic standards, Earth and its fellow terrestrial planets are chemical _____: they consist of primarily four elements (iron, magnesium, silicon, and oxygen) that are rare elsewhere in the universe.

A. prototypes

B. mavericks

C. malefactors

D. paragons

E. old-timers

Established scientists recognize that peer review of manuscripts submitted to scientific journals is critical to science, but this recognition _____ a certain ambivalence in them, since reviewing takes time away from their research.

A. obviates

B. mitigates

C. engenders

D. tempers

E. induces

F. exacerbates

In spite of her fascination with chance, coincidence, and contingency, Stanning’s novels are _____ constructed, written from the head rather than the heart.

A. hastily

B. extravagantly

C. painstakingly

D. meticulously

E. evocatively

F. impulsively

Although traditionally artists have rightly been seen as the most _____ audience for the work of their colleagues, today taste is also created by critics and curators and occasionally by collectors.

A. arbitrary

B. volatile

C. perceptive

D. impulsive

E. subjective

F. discerning

Based on the evidence available, it would be (i)______ to insist on a wholly negative portrayal of King Prajadhipok. In his own writings and pronouncements as well as in firsthand accounts offered by others, Prajadhipok consistently emerges as (ii)______ and even-tempered, though (iii)______.

A. accurateD. whimsicalG. unexceptional

B. convenientE. thoughtfulH. vicious

C. facileF. ingeniousI. innovative

Greenhouse gases emitted into atmosphere are virtually permanent, and because they (i)_________ in the atmosphere, their effects is (ii)_______. These facts necessitate that policies related to greenhouse gases differ from policies related to various pollutants whose effects are (iii)______ and often temporary.

A. disperse evenlyD. subtleG. local

C. persist indefinitelyF. transitI. hazardous

GRE阅读部分

Passage 7

Among many historians a belief persists that Cotton Mather’s biographies of some of the settlers of the Massachusetts Bay Colony (published 1702) are exercises in hagiography, endowing their subjects with saintly piety at the expense of historical accuracy. Yet modern studies have profited both from the breadth of information that Mather provides in, for example, his discussions of colonial medicineand from his critical observations of such leading figures as Governor John Winthrop. Mather’s wry humoras demonstrated by his detailed descriptions of events such as Winthrop’s efforts to prevent wood-stealingis overlooked by those charging Mather with presenting his subjects as extremely pious. The charge also obscures Mather’s concern with the settlers material, not just spiritual, prosperity. Further, this pejorative view underrates the biographies value as chronicles: Mather amassed all sorts of published and unpublished documents as sources, and his selection of key events shows a marked sensitivity to the nature of the colony’s development.

passage 7

1.

The primary purpose of the passage is to

A. argue against a theory universally accepted by historical researchers

B. call attention to an unusual approach to documenting a historical era

C. summarize research on a specific historical figure

D. counter a particular view about the work of a biographer

E. point out subtle differences among controversial historical reports

2.

The author of the passage implies that an argument for the historical accuracy of Mather’s works is most strongly supported by which of the following?

A. surviving documents that corroborate Mather’s detailed descriptions of his subjects

B. Mather’s firsthand personal acquaintance with those about whom he wrote

C. Mather’s frank and straightforward accounts of the lives and times of people about whom he had conducted extensive research

D. Mather’s ability to detail important historical events in the religious context of which they were a part

E. the quantity and nature of the sources from which Mather obtained his information.

3.

Information in the passage best supports which of the following statements about Mather’s biographies of the settlers of the Massachusetts Bay Colony?

A. Annals written by Mather and others were censored by later historians, thus detracting from their value as full and accurate accounts of the period.

B. Mather’s description of Governor Winthrop includes all of Winthrop’s shortcomings, such as a tendency toward levity at inappropriate times.

C. Mather’s descriptions of the Massachusetts Bay colonists were based primarily on firsthand experiences.

D. Many historians believe that Mather’s biographies are poor sources of historical information because biography is an inherently unreliable genre of historical writing.

E. Mather’s writings reflect an interest in the degree of economic success achieved by early Massachusetts Bay colonists.

4.

It can be inferred from the passage that many historians believe that Mather’s biographies primarily

A. disclose important historical data from the settlers’ private diaries

B. glorify the early colonists of the Massachusetts Bay Colony

C. provide a fuller picture of the multifaceted characters of such historical figures as John Winthrop

D. indicate the salutary effects of the settlers’ religious practices on colonial life

E. reveal that the settlers considered their lives to be similar to those of the saints

Passage 9

An Irish newspaper editorial encouraging women to participate in the non-importation movement launched in Ireland in 1779 appears consistent with a perception that the political use of the consumer boycott originated in North America and spread eastwards across the Atlantic to Ireland. This is a view that most historians have concurred with. For example, T.H. Breen argued that the consumer boycott was a brilliantly original American invention. Breen did acknowledge that a few isolated boycotts may have taken place in other countries. However, Mary ODowd argues that from the late seventeenth century, Irish political discourse advocated for the nonconsumption of imported goods and support for home manufactures by women in ways that were strikingly similar to those used later in North America.

passage 9

1.

The passage is primarily concerned with

A. resolving a dispute

B. advocating a course of action

C. tracing the evolution of a practice

D. citing competing views of an issue

E. chronicling a series of events

2.

In the context of the passage, the highlighted sentence serves to

A. qualify a point made in the preceding sentence

B. correct an erroneous assumption

C. provide evidence in support of a perception cited in the opening sentence

D. provide a rationale for the view expressed in the following sentence

E. establish the popularity of a point of view

Passage 14

Carla L. Peterson’s Doers of the Word (1997), a study of African American women speakers and writers from 1830-1880, is an important addition to scholarship on nineteenth-century African American women. Its scope resembles that of Frances Smith Fosters 1993 study, but its approach is quite different. For Foster, the Black women who came to literary voice in nineteenth-century America were claiming their rights as United States citizens, denying that anything should disqualify them from full membership in an enlightened national polity. Peterson sees these same women as having been fundamentally estranged from the nation by a dominant culture unsympathetic to Black women, and by a Black intelligentsia whose male view of race concerns left little room for Black female intellect.

passage 14

Consider each of the choices separately and select all that apply.

1.

The passage indicates that Peterson identifies which of the following as obstacles faced by the women included in her study?

A. the attitudes of Black male intellectuals toward female intellectual work

B. the discriminatory attitudes faced by Black women in nineteenth-century America as a whole

C. disagreements among Black women speakers and writers themselves about the impact of the Black intelligentsia

2.

It can be inferred that Peterson’s study and Fosters study are similar with respect to which of the following?

A. the writers that each takes up for examination

B. the degree to which each has influenced other scholars

C. the assumptions that each brings to nineteenth-century African American literature

D. their analysis of the nineteenth-century Black intelligentsia

E. their interpretation of nineteenth-century Americas dominant culture

Passage 16

Currently, Sulandian television journalists are twice as likely as other workers to support the Blue Party, and Sulandian journalism students are significantly more likely to support the Blue Party than working television journalists are. Therefore, assuming that these students do not change their political affiliations as they get older, the disparity between the political affiliations of Sulandia’s television journalists and those of the rest of the working population will increase as current Sulandian journalism students enter the profession.

passage 16

1.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. Few of the television journalists currently working in Sulandia were trained in Sulandian journalism schools.

B. Journalists in Sulandia whose political affiliations differ from those of the general population tend to allow their political views to affect the way they report news about politics.

C. Most of the television journalists currently working in Sulandia who support the Blue Party also supported the Blue Party when they were students.

D. Support for the Blue party is not significantly less common among those current Sulaidan journalism students who intend to become television journalists than it is among current Sulandian journalism students as a whole.

E. Classes in Sulandian journalism schools are not taught mainly by working Sulandian journalists.

GRE写作部分

Issue题库题号 2/9/19

Argument题库题号 4/8/38

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