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GMAT语法题,如何一眼识别语义重复的神坑选项?

来源:原创作品 | 2020-03-08116

考过GMAT的同学都知道,GMAT语法中的简洁性主要涵盖两大考点:wordy和redundant。今天我们主要来说说redundant的错误以及出题的陷阱如何避免。什么叫redundant?两个词语表达了同样的意思,发生...

考过GMAT的同学都知道,GMAT语法中的简洁性主要涵盖两大考点:wordy和redundant。今天我们主要来说说redundant的错误以及出题的陷阱如何避免。

什么叫redundant?

两个词语表达了同样的意思,发生语义的重复,就是所谓的redundant的错误。它虽然归类到简洁性的考点,但是确实一个实用性非常强的绝对化的错误,学生只要发现,就可以马上进行大胆的排除!

考试陷阱如何规避?

陷阱一:GMAT往往为了提高redundant考点的难度,有时候会把两个redundant的词汇放的位置距离比较远,利用障眼法让我们发现不了这个问题,很多同学就会凭单纯的语感,盲目错选。

例题如下:

Possible long-term consequences of the "greenhouse effect," the gradual warming of the Earth's climate, may include melting the polar ice caps and a rising sea level.

A may include melting the polar ice caps and a rising sea level.

B may include the melting of polar ice caps and the rising sea level.

C may include polar ice caps that are melting and sea levels that are rising.

D include melting the polar ice caps and sea levels that are rising.

E include melting of the polar ice caps and a rise in sea level.

名师讲解:

曾经有同学在这道题上花了10分钟的时间,然而并未发现redundant的错误。其实,很显然,句首的possible 和may是重复的,都是表达可能的意思,所以不能放在一句话中,那么排除AB选项;剩下DE选项,我们则根据平行结构的考点也可以排除。

这道题是一道非常典型的陷阱题,其实难度不大,但是往往会由于粗心,或者不知道出题的陷阱,而造成失分,这道题中的possible和may真的远的不能再远了!

考试陷阱如何规避?

陷阱二: GMAT考试中往往将表义重复的部分在形式上发生变化,试图迷惑考生,蒙混过关,但是我们做题的原则时刻不能忘记,只要含义发生重复,就要果断杀之!

例题如下:

It seems likely that a number of astronomical phenomena, such as the formation of planetary nebulas, may be caused by the interaction where two stars orbit each other at close range.

A may be caused by the interaction where two stars orbit each other.

B may be caused by the interaction between two stars that each orbit the other.

C are because of the interaction between two stars that orbit each other.

D are caused by the interaction of two stars where each is orbiting the other.

E are caused by the interaction of two stars orbiting each other.

名师讲解:

这道题和上面题类似,AB两个选项也是因为maybe和句首的It seems likely 是redundant的错误被排除,虽然两者距离较远,但是还是要警惕这种情况。


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