Percent of total score—50
Directions: You have 75 minutes to answer all three of the following questions. It is recommended that you spend approximately one-third of your time (25 minutes) on each question. It is suggested that you take up to 5 minutes of this time to plan and outline each answer. You may use the unlined space below each question for notes. Be sure to write your answers on the lined pages immediately following each question.
1. In the redistricting that occurred in 2012, voters in Maryland approved a redrawn Third Congressional District,as shown in the map above. A geospatial analysis firm named it the least compact district in the nation.
A. Identify the political phenomenon represented on the map.
B. Explain the relationship between redistricting and the census.
C. Identify and discuss TWO political consequences that could result from redistricting.
2. English is the most widely used language in the world, thus becoming the world’s lingua franca.
A. Define the term “lingua franca.”
B. Identify and describe ONE historical factor that contributed to the worldwide use of English.
C. Identify and explain TWO examples that show how globalization is contributing to English becoming the world’s lingua franca.
Source: United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
3. In recent years, the number of refugees has been increasing. However, most refugees come from just a few countries.
A. Define the term “refugee.”
B. Discuss ONE political, ONE social, and ONE environmental reason why refugees flee their country of origin.
C. Using the chart shown, select a country of origin; then identify and explain ONE reason why refugees have left the country.
D. Explain TWO economic impacts that refugees can have on a receiving country.