智思教育

AP美国历史选择题介绍

来源:原创作品 | 2019-12-10117

AP美国历史考试题型介绍1.单选题(Mutiple-choicequestion)“In1739arrivedamongusfromIrelandthatReverendMr.[George]Whitefield,whohasmadehimselfremarkablethereasanitinerantpreacher.Hewas...

AP美国历史考试题型介绍

1.单选题(Mutiple-choicequestion)

“In 1739 arrived amongus from Ireland that Reverend Mr.[George] Whitefield, who has made himselfremarkable there as an itinerant preacher. He was at first permitted to preachin some of our churches; but the clergy taking a dislike to him, soon refusedhim their pulpits and he was obliged to preach in the fields. The multitudes ofall sects and denominations that attended his sermons were enormous…It waswonderful to see the change soon made in the manners of our inhabitants. Frombeing thoughtless or indifferent about religion, it seemed as if all the worldwere growing religious, so that one could not walk throw the town in an eveningwithout hearing psalms sung in different families of every street.” BenjaminFranklin, The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin

本题给出了美国在建国前还是殖民地时期的一段文字,这段文字说明宗教对殖民地的影响。


下面有三道题目是围绕这段文字的。

(1)Whitefield’simpact suggests that religious culture among

British North American colonists in the 1700s was most directlyshaped by

(A)RomanCatholic influences

(B)interestin commerce and business

(C)trans-Atlanticexchanges

(D)relianceon agriculture

分析:当时天主教除了在马里兰州殖民地影响较大外,其它地方影响不大。从文中的内容我们看不出商业和依靠农业形成了殖民地的宗教文化。Whitefield从爱尔兰来到殖民地,表明了穿越大西洋的交流是形成殖民地宗教文化的重要原因。


(2)Whitefield’sopen-air preaching contributed most directly to

which of the following trends?

(A)Thegrowth of the ideology of republican

(B)Greaterindependence and diversity of thought

(C)Movementof settlers to the backcountry

(D)Thepursuit of social reform

分析:从文中看出当时Whitefield的演讲受到当局的抵制是因为他的思想与统治阶级的宗教思想不一致,但他的布道受到大众欢迎,说明殖民者更多希望宗教自由和宗教多样性。这道题明显是可以根据当时的历史背景选择B选项。这是考到了Historical Causation的能力。


(3)The preaching described in the excerpt is an example of which

of the following development in the 1700s?

(A)Thedevelopment of an idea of republican self-government

(B)Theemergence of calls for the abolition of slavery

(C)Theincreased influence of the Enlightenment

(D)Theexpansion of Protestant evangelism

分析:Whitefield的布道只是精神层面;这个时期废奴主义还没有流行;Enlightenment主要是指17世纪科学革命及洛克和牛顿的思想对人民的影响,更强调理智是一切知识和人类事物的指针。而这一段文字还是在谈宗教。所以最后一个选项在谈:Whitefield的布道在宗教传播福音,它是一种历史学家称作的The Great Awakening,这是正确选项。


以上的单选题题目说明了从2015年开始的AP美国历史单选题的样子。和原来的试卷相比,现在的单选题,没有记忆的内容了,全部都是比较灵活的题目,必须是学生在对历史概念有充分理解时候才能选对答案。比如在上述例子中,学生需要明白什么是TheGreat Awakening,Enlightenment,Protestantevangelism,trans-Atlantic exchanges以及Whitefield大体是什么时候的人物才能正确的回答选择题。


天道智思开设有AP美国历史VIP一对一、一对三,具体课程信息如下:

课程名称 5分率 目标 课程大纲 使用教材
AP美国历史
United States History
81.7% 完成AP美国历史的知识点的学习。通过系统地梳理,充分的练习熟悉考试的题型和难点重点,冲5分。 课次1-2 美国历史概况及考试介绍 & period1:1491-1607 Barron  Princeton版教材
课次3-4 period2:1607-1754&period3:1754-1800
课次5-6 period4:1800-1844&period5:1844-1877
课次7-8 period6:1865-1898&period7:1890-1945
课次9-10 period8:1945-1980&period9:1980-present
模考 最新真题

线上线下均可授课


版权及免责声明
1、如转载本网原创文章,请表明出处;
2、本网转载媒体稿件旨在传播更多有益信息,并不代表同意该观点,本网不承担稿件侵权行为的连带责任;
3、如本网转载稿涉及版权等问题,请作者见稿后在两周内速来电与智思教育联系,电话:021-64325600。

内容推荐

学员成绩提升率100%,满意度99%
联系我们
课程咨询
智思教育
咨询热线:021-64325600