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AP美国历史题型解析

来源:原创作品 | 2019-12-10156

AP美国历史考试第一部分为55道选择题,时间也只有55分钟,占分数的40%。问题通常以3-4个问题的形式出现,而且所有选择题都会有对应的材料,题目会直接问跟材料相关的信息,但不是所有题目都需要...

AP美国历史考试第一部分为55道选择题, 时间也只有55 分钟,占分数的40% 。

问题通常以3-4个问题的形式出现,而且所有选择题都会有对应的材料,题目会直接问跟材料相关的信息,但不是所有题目都需要回到材料,有些题目纯粹考的就是你对材料提到的相关历史事件的熟悉度。所以,对考点熟悉才是王道。

我们来跟大家分享两套考题以及解析。坚持下去,五分到手不是问题!


题目:

Questions 1-4 refer to the excerpts below.

"Those whose condition is such that their function is the use of their bodies and nothing better can be expected of them, those, I say, are slaves of nature. It is better for them to be ruled thus

Juan de Sepulveda, Polities, 1522

“When Latin American nations gained independence in the 19th century. those two strains converged, and merged with an older, more universalist, natural law tradition. The result was a distinctively Latin American form of rights discourse. Paolo Carozza traces the roots of that discourse to a distinctive application, and extension, of Thomistic moral philosophy to the injustices of Spanish conquests in the New World. The key figure in that development seems to have been Bartolome de Las Casas, a 16th-century Spanish bishop who condemned slavery and championed the cause of Indians on the basis of a natural right to liberty grounded in their membership in a single common humanity. “All the peoples of the world are humans, ”Las Casas wrote, and"all the races of humankind are one.” According to Brian Tierney. Las Casas and other Spanish Dominican philosophers laid the groundwork for a doctrine of natural rights that was independent of religious revelation “by drawing on a juridical tradition that derived natural rights and natural law from human rationality and free will, and by appealing to Aristotelian philosophy.”

Mary Ann Glendon, "The Forgotten Crucible: The Latin American Influence on the Universal Human Rights Idea, "2003

I. The above excerpts support which one of the following generalizations?

(A)After European and Latin American populations interacted economically, most Europeans were more compassionate toward the interests of non-whites

(B)There was some degree of debate by Spanish explorers over how to treat natives in the New World

(C)The appeal to natural rights and natural law succeeded in abolishing slavery in the New World

(D)The European belief in white superiority was used to justify the doctrine of natural rights


2. Which one of the following statements about the Spanish conquest of the Americas is most accurate?

(A) African slavery was a direct result of Spanish settlements in Florida

(B) Early native civilizations in Mexico introduced Spanish explorers to cattle ranching and wheat cultivation

(C) Christopher Columbus was not the first European to have explored North America

(D) Due to racial prejudice, Spanish explorers shunned intermarriage with native people


3. Which of the following presidents was most involved in Latin American politics in the twentieth century?

(A) James K. Polk

(B) James Monroe

(C)Theodore Roosevelt

(D)Chester Anhur


4. Maize cultivation among the native peoples of Mexico is most analogous to which of the following?

(A) Buffalo hunting among the Lakota Sioux

(B)Wolf domestication by the Algonquians

(C)Mixed agriculture among the Iroquois

(D)Seal hunting among the Inuit


解析

早期土著人和欧洲人之间的互动挑战了这两个群体的世界观。欧洲的海外扩张和与土著人的持续接触塑造了欧洲人对社会、政治和文化的看法,以及白人和非白人之间的经济关系。西班牙和葡萄牙探险者几乎没有与与自己不同的人打交道的经验,他们对自己在美洲遇到的土著人知之甚少,这引发了关于如何对待土著人以及“按照欧洲标准来说,这些土著人的文明程度如何(how civilized)”的辩论。许多欧洲人形成了白人优越(white superiority)的信念,以此为他们征服非洲人和印第安人辩护,而其他人则采取了更为人道主义(a more humanitarian)的方式。

1. B 这两段话代表了对非白人原住民的两种截然不同的看法。Juan de Sepulveda的这句话排除了(A)两段话没有提到奴隶制的废除,所以排除(C),第二段话自然权利(natural rights)的概念会阻碍白人至上,所以排除(D)


2. C Theodore Roosevelt 最为人所知的是他在拉丁美洲的主要外交政策策略,尤其是美国西班牙之战。选项(A)Polk更关心的是国内的扩张(domestic expansions). (B)James Monroe,门罗主义(The Monroe Doctrine)的创始人,可能启发了Roosevelt,但是Monroe在1817年到1825年的总统任期内没有参与拉丁美洲事务。Chester Arthur与这个问题无关,所以排除(D)。(此外,还有一个便捷的方法是,如果你知道除了(C),其他选项都是19世纪的总统,那么一下自己就可以选出正确答案了。twentieth century是一个关键点。)


4. C 玉米种植从现在的墨西哥向北扩展到美国西南部以及更远的地方,支持了这些地区的经济发展,允许部落留在固定的社区。这与 Iroquois固定的农业和渔业社区最为相似。水牛和海豹狩猎需要一定程度的迁徙,所以排除(A)和(D)。而(B),狼的驯化不会提供稳定的食物供应。

今日份的试题分享就到此结束啦,你搞懂了吗?


天道智思开设有AP美国历史VIP一对一、一对三,具体课程信息如下:

课程名称 5分率 目标 课程大纲 使用教材
AP美国历史
United States History
81.7% 完成AP美国历史的知识点的学习。通过系统地梳理,充分的练习熟悉考试的题型和难点重点,冲5分。 课次1-2 美国历史概况及考试介绍 & period1:1491-1607 Barron  Princeton版教材
课次3-4 period2:1607-1754&period3:1754-1800
课次5-6 period4:1800-1844&period5:1844-1877
课次7-8 period6:1865-1898&period7:1890-1945
课次9-10 period8:1945-1980&period9:1980-present
模考 最新真题

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